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Binge drinking before and after a COVID-19 campus closure among first-year college students.
Bonar, Erin E; Parks, Michael J; Gunlicks-Stoessel, Meredith; Lyden, Grace R; Mehus, Christopher J; Morrell, Nicole; Patrick, Megan E.
  • Bonar EE; Addiction Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, United States; Injury Prevention Center, University of Michigan, United States. Electronic address: erinbona@med.umich.edu.
  • Parks MJ; Institute for Translational Research in Children's Mental Health, University of Minnesota, United States.
  • Gunlicks-Stoessel M; Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Minnesota, United States.
  • Lyden GR; Division of Biostatistics, University of Minnesota, United States.
  • Mehus CJ; Institute for Translational Research in Children's Mental Health, University of Minnesota, United States.
  • Morrell N; Institute for Translational Research in Children's Mental Health, University of Minnesota, United States.
  • Patrick ME; Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, United States.
Addict Behav ; 118: 106879, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1095789
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Binge Drinking PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Binge Drinking
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
2. Prophylactic treatment TREATS student
Subject
Prophylactic treatment
Predicate
TREATS
Object
student
3. Binge Drinking PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Binge Drinking
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
4. Prophylactic treatment TREATS student
Subject
Prophylactic treatment
Predicate
TREATS
Object
student
ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:

The COVID-19 pandemic is associated with reports of increased substance use. College students are a population of concern for high risk binge drinking and their behavior may be particularly impacted by COVID-19 campus closures. Therefore, we examine first-year college students' binge drinking soon after their university's pandemic-related suspension of in-person operations.

METHODS:

Students from a single campus (N = 741; age M = 18.05, SD = 0.22) completed one assessment in April-May 2020 post-campus closure (March 2020) including theoretically-informed measures (e.g., drinking motives, norms) and two items of self-reported pre- and post-closure binge drinking frequency, the focus of these analyses.

RESULTS:

About half of students consistently reported not binge drinking pre- and post-closure; 6.75% reported a consistent frequency of binge drinking pre- and post-closure. Many (39.41%) reported lower 30-day binge drinking post-campus closure compared to their pre-closure reports; few (4.18%) reported higher 30-day binge drinking frequency post-campus closure. Students reporting lower binge drinking post-closure showed differences in coping, social, and enhancement drinking motives and isolation. Students reporting greater post-closure binge drinking reported higher perceived drinking norms and were more likely to be in Greek life.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates self-reported patterns in binge drinking among first-year college students at the point of COVID-19 campus closures. Pandemic-related college closures may have been a temporary environmental intervention on this high-risk behavior for some students. Although many students were not binge drinking, some continued binge drinking after closure and may benefit from preventive interventions.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Binge Drinking / Alcohol Drinking in College / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adolescent / Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Addict Behav Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Binge Drinking / Alcohol Drinking in College / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adolescent / Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Addict Behav Year: 2021 Document Type: Article