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Occurrence of various viruses and recent evidence of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater systems.
Ali, Waqar; Zhang, Hua; Wang, Zhenglu; Chang, Chuanyu; Javed, Asif; Ali, Kamran; Du, Wei; Niazi, Nabeel Khan; Mao, Kang; Yang, Zhugen.
  • Ali W; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, PR China.
  • Zhang H; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, PR China. Electronic address: zhanghua@mail.gyig.ac.cn.
  • Wang Z; Key Laboratory of Marine Hazards Forecasting, Ministry of Natural Resources, College of Oceanography, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, PR China.
  • Chang C; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, PR China.
  • Javed A; Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Ali K; Institute of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (IESE), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering (SCEE), National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Islamabad 44000, Pakistan.
  • Du W; Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science of the Ministry of Education, School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, PR China.
  • Niazi NK; Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan.
  • Mao K; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, PR China. Electronic address: maokang@mail.gyig.ac.cn.
  • Yang Z; Cranfield Water Science Institute, Cranfield University, Cranfield MK43 0AL, United Kingdom.
J Hazard Mater ; 414: 125439, 2021 07 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1101360
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Genetic Materials PART_OF 2019 novel coronavirus
Subject
Genetic Materials
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
2019 novel coronavirus
2. Genetic Materials PART_OF 2019 novel coronavirus
Subject
Genetic Materials
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
2019 novel coronavirus
ABSTRACT
Viruses are omnipresent and persistent in wastewater, which poses a risk to human health. In this review, we summarise the different qualitative and quantitative methods for virus analysis in wastewater and systematically discuss the spatial distribution and temporal patterns of various viruses (i.e., enteric viruses, Caliciviridae (Noroviruses (NoVs)), Picornaviridae (Enteroviruses (EVs)), Hepatitis A virus (HAV)), and Adenoviridae (Adenoviruses (AdVs))) in wastewater systems. Then we critically review recent SARS-CoV-2 studies to understand the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic through wastewater surveillance. SARS-CoV-2 genetic material has been detected in wastewater from France, the Netherlands, Australia, Italy, Japan, Spain, Turkey, India, Pakistan, China, and the USA. We then discuss the utility of wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) to estimate the occurrence, distribution, and genetic diversity of these viruses and generate human health risk assessment. Finally, we not only promote the prevention of viral infectious disease transmission through wastewater but also highlight the potential use of WBE as an early warning system for public health assessment.
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Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Viruses / COVID-19 Type of study: Evidence synthesis / Qualitative research / Risk factors Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: Asia / Europa / Oceania Language: English Journal: J Hazard Mater Journal subject: Environmental Health Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Viruses / COVID-19 Type of study: Evidence synthesis / Qualitative research / Risk factors Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: Asia / Europa / Oceania Language: English Journal: J Hazard Mater Journal subject: Environmental Health Year: 2021 Document Type: Article