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The Outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic and the Well-Being of Polish Students: The Risk Factors of the Emotional Distress during COVID-19 Lockdown.
Juchnowicz, Dariusz; Baj, Jacek; Forma, Alicja; Karakula, Kaja; Sitarz, Ryszard; Bogucki, Jacek; Karakula-Juchnowicz, Hanna.
  • Juchnowicz D; Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland.
  • Baj J; Chair and Department of Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, 20-090 Lublin, Poland.
  • Forma A; Student Research Group Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, 20-090 Lublin, Poland.
  • Karakula K; Psychiatry Student Research Group I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Early Intervention, Medical University of Lublin, 20-439 Lublin, Poland.
  • Sitarz R; Chair and I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Early Intervention, Medical University of Lublin, 20-439 Lublin, Poland.
  • Bogucki J; Chair and Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland.
  • Karakula-Juchnowicz H; Chair and I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Early Intervention, Medical University of Lublin, 20-439 Lublin, Poland.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1125587
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Anxiety PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
2. Depressive disorder PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
3. Stress PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Stress
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
4. Mental disorders PROCESS_OF Roommate
Subject
Mental disorders
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Roommate
5. Anxiety PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
6. Depressive disorder PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
7. Stress PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Stress
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
8. Mental disorders PROCESS_OF Roommate
Subject
Mental disorders
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Roommate
ABSTRACT
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has a significant impact on both physical and mental health. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to (1) evaluate depression, anxiety, and stress levels among students from Polish universities during the first weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic and (2) assess the risk factors of the higher intensity of emotional distress. We conducted an online survey using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) to assess well-being. The study included 2172 respondents (73% female, 27% male) with a mean age of 22.1 ± 2.2. Moderate to extremely severe scores of depression, anxiety, and stress were reported by 43.4%, 27.3%, and 41.0% of the respondents, respectively. Higher scores of DASS-21 were related to female sex (odds ratio (OR) = 3.01), studying sciences (OR = 2.04), co-residence with the roommates (OR = 1.25), suffering from a mental disorder (OR = 5.88), loneliness (OR = 293.30), the usage of psychiatric support before pandemic (OR = 8.06), poor economic situation (OR = 13.49), and the lower scores were found for being currently employed (OR = 0.4). This study highlights an urgent need for (1) crisis-oriented psychological and psychiatric support for students during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and (2) preparing appropriate psychological interventions to improve the mental health of students for a possible similar situation in the future.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Etiology study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm10050944

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Etiology study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm10050944