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Increased risk of rhinovirus infection in children during the coronavirus disease-19 pandemic.
Takashita, Emi; Kawakami, Chiharu; Momoki, Tomoko; Saikusa, Miwako; Shimizu, Kouhei; Ozawa, Hiroki; Kumazaki, Makoto; Usuku, Shuzo; Tanaka, Nobuko; Okubo, Ichiro; Morita, Hiroko; Nagata, Shiho; Watanabe, Shinji; Hasegawa, Hideki; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro.
  • Takashita E; Influenza Virus Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kawakami C; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Momoki T; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Saikusa M; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Shimizu K; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Ozawa H; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Kumazaki M; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Usuku S; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Tanaka N; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Okubo I; Yokohama City Institute of Public Health, Kanagawa, Japan.
  • Morita H; Influenza Virus Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Nagata S; Influenza Virus Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Watanabe S; Influenza Virus Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Hasegawa H; Influenza Virus Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kawaoka Y; Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Influenza Other Respir Viruses ; 15(4): 488-494, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1132956
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Rhinovirus infection PROCESS_OF Child
Subject
Rhinovirus infection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Child
2. 2019 novel coronavirus CAUSES Disease
Subject
2019 novel coronavirus
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Disease
3. Orthomyxoviridae INTERACTS_WITH Virus Diseases
Subject
Orthomyxoviridae
Predicate
INTERACTS_WITH
Object
Virus Diseases
4. Rhinovirus INTERACTS_WITH Virus Diseases
Subject
Rhinovirus
Predicate
INTERACTS_WITH
Object
Virus Diseases
5. Respiratory viruses INTERACTS_WITH Virus Diseases
Subject
Respiratory viruses
Predicate
INTERACTS_WITH
Object
Virus Diseases
6. Disease AFFECTS Influenza
Subject
Disease
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Influenza
7. Rhinovirus PROCESS_OF Child
Subject
Rhinovirus
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Child
8. Disease NEG_PROCESS_OF Age Cohort
Subject
Disease
Predicate
NEG_PROCESS_OF
Object
Age Cohort
9. Increased risk COEXISTS_WITH Disease
Subject
Increased risk
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Disease
10. Rhinovirus infection PROCESS_OF Child
Subject
Rhinovirus infection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Child
11. 2019 novel coronavirus CAUSES Disease
Subject
2019 novel coronavirus
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Disease
12. Orthomyxoviridae INTERACTS_WITH Virus Diseases
Subject
Orthomyxoviridae
Predicate
INTERACTS_WITH
Object
Virus Diseases
13. Rhinovirus INTERACTS_WITH Virus Diseases
Subject
Rhinovirus
Predicate
INTERACTS_WITH
Object
Virus Diseases
14. Respiratory viruses INTERACTS_WITH Virus Diseases
Subject
Respiratory viruses
Predicate
INTERACTS_WITH
Object
Virus Diseases
15. Disease AFFECTS Influenza
Subject
Disease
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Influenza
16. Rhinovirus PROCESS_OF Child
Subject
Rhinovirus
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Child
17. Disease NEG_PROCESS_OF Age Cohort
Subject
Disease
Predicate
NEG_PROCESS_OF
Object
Age Cohort
18. Increased risk COEXISTS_WITH Disease
Subject
Increased risk
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Disease
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was first detected in Japan in January 2020 and has spread throughout the country. Previous studies have reported that viral interference among influenza virus, rhinovirus, and other respiratory viruses can affect viral infections at the host and population level.

METHODS:

To investigate the impact of COVID-19 on influenza and other respiratory virus infections, we analyzed clinical specimens collected from 2244 patients in Japan with respiratory diseases between January 2018 and September 2020.

RESULTS:

The frequency of influenza and other respiratory viruses (coxsackievirus A and B; echovirus; enterovirus; human coronavirus 229E, HKU1, NL63, and OC43; human metapneumovirus; human parainfluenza virus 1, 2, 3, and 4; human parechovirus; human respiratory syncytial virus; human adenovirus; human bocavirus; human parvovirus B19; herpes simplex virus type 1; and varicella-zoster virus) was appreciably reduced among all patients during the COVID-19 pandemic except for that of rhinovirus in children younger than 10 years, which was appreciably increased. COVID-19 has not spread among this age group, suggesting an increased risk of rhinovirus infection in children.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rhinovirus infections should be continuously monitored to understand their increased risk during the COVID-19 pandemic and viral interference with SARS-CoV-2.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Rhinovirus / Picornaviridae Infections / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Child / Child, preschool / Female / Humans / Infant / Male / Infant, Newborn Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Influenza Other Respir Viruses Journal subject: Virology Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Irv.12854

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Rhinovirus / Picornaviridae Infections / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Child / Child, preschool / Female / Humans / Infant / Male / Infant, Newborn Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Influenza Other Respir Viruses Journal subject: Virology Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Irv.12854