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SARS-CoV-2 Infection, Risk Perception, Behaviour and Preventive Measures at Schools in Berlin, Germany, during the Early Post-Lockdown Phase: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Hommes, Franziska; van Loon, Welmoed; Thielecke, Marlene; Abramovich, Igor; Lieber, Sascha; Hammerich, Ralf; Gehrke-Beck, Sabine; Linzbach, Elisabeth; Schuster, Angela; von dem Busche, Katja; Theuring, Stefanie; Gertler, Maximilian; Martinez, Gabriela Equihua; Richter, Joachim; Bergmann, Clara; Bölke, Alisa; Böhringer, Falko; Mall, Marcus A; Rosen, Alexander; Krannich, Alexander; Keller, Jan; Bethke, Norma; Kurzmann, Marco; Kurth, Tobias; Kirchberger, Valerie; Seybold, Joachim; Mockenhaupt, Frank P; Study Group, Becoss.
  • Hommes F; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • van Loon W; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Thielecke M; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Abramovich I; Clinic for Anesthesiology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Lieber S; Clinic for Anesthesiology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Hammerich R; Medical Directorate, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Gehrke-Beck S; Clinical Quality and Risk Management, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Linzbach E; Institute of General Practice, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Schuster A; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • von dem Busche K; Institute of General Practice, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Theuring S; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Gertler M; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Martinez GE; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Richter J; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Bergmann C; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Bölke A; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Böhringer F; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Mall MA; Labor Berlin-Charité Vivantes Services GmbH, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Rosen A; Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Immunology and Critical Care Medicine, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Krannich A; Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Immunology and Critical Care Medicine, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Keller J; Clinical Study Center, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Bethke N; Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany.
  • Kurzmann M; Medical Directorate, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Kurth T; Medical Directorate, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Kirchberger V; Institute of Public Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Seybold J; Medical Directorate, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Mockenhaupt FP; Medical Directorate, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
  • Study Group B; Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(5)2021 03 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1134153
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Nasal Swab (procedure) MEASURES COVID-19
Subject
Nasal Swab (procedure)
Predicate
MEASURES
Object
COVID-19
2. Nasal Swab (procedure) MEASURES COVID-19
Subject
Nasal Swab (procedure)
Predicate
MEASURES
Object
COVID-19
ABSTRACT
Briefly before the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in Berlin, Germany, schools closed in mid-March 2020. Following re-opening, schools resumed operation at a reduced level for nine weeks. During this phase, we aimed at assessing, among students and teachers, infection status, symptoms, individual behaviour, and institutional infection prevention measures. Twenty-four primary and secondary school classes, randomly selected across Berlin, were examined. Oro-nasopharyngeal swabs and capillary blood samples were collected to determine SARS-CoV-2 infection (PCR) and specific IgG (ELISA), respectively. Medical history, household characteristics, leisure activities, fear of infection, risk perception, hand hygiene, facemask wearing, and institutional preventive measures were assessed. Descriptive analysis was performed. Among 535 participants (385 students, 150 staff), one teenager was found to be infected with SARS-CoV-2 (0.2%), and seven individuals exhibited specific IgG (1.3%). Compared to pre-pandemic times, screen time (e.g., TV, gaming, social media) increased, and the majority of primary school students reported reduced physical activity (42.2%). Fear of infection and risk perception were relatively low, acceptance of adapted health behaviors was high. In this post-lockdown period of low SARS-CoV-2 incidence in Berlin, individual and school-level infection prevention measures were largely adhered to. Nevertheless, vigilance and continued preventive measures are essential to cope with future pandemic activity.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Subject: SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Prevalence study / Risk factors Language: English Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Subject: SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Prevalence study / Risk factors Language: English Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2021
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