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COVID-19: Role of Nutrition and Supplementation.
Moscatelli, Fiorenzo; Sessa, Francesco; Valenzano, Anna; Polito, Rita; Monda, Vincenzo; Cibelli, Giuseppe; Villano, Ines; Pisanelli, Daniela; Perrella, Michela; Daniele, Aurora; Monda, Marcellino; Messina, Giovanni; Messina, Antonietta.
  • Moscatelli F; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
  • Sessa F; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
  • Valenzano A; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
  • Polito R; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
  • Monda V; Department of Medical Sciences and Advanced Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", 80138 Naples, Italy.
  • Cibelli G; Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology and Unit of Dietetics and Sports Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", 80131 Naples, Italy.
  • Villano I; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
  • Pisanelli D; Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology and Unit of Dietetics and Sports Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", 80131 Naples, Italy.
  • Perrella M; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
  • Daniele A; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
  • Monda M; CEINGE Biotecnologie Avanzate S.C. a r.l., 80131 Napoli, Italy.
  • Messina G; Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human Physiology and Unit of Dietetics and Sports Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", 80131 Naples, Italy.
  • Messina A; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1138747
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Coronavirus Infections CAUSES Multiple Organ Failure
Subject
Coronavirus Infections
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Multiple Organ Failure
2. Coronavirus Infections CAUSES Pneumonia
Subject
Coronavirus Infections
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Pneumonia
3. Dyspnea CAUSES Cessation of life
Subject
Dyspnea
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Cessation of life
4. Fever CAUSES Cessation of life
Subject
Fever
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Cessation of life
5. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
6. Disease PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
7. Obesity CAUSES Virus Diseases
Subject
Obesity
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Virus Diseases
8. Malnutrition CAUSES Virus Diseases
Subject
Malnutrition
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Virus Diseases
9. Dietary Modification PREVENTS Virus Diseases
Subject
Dietary Modification
Predicate
PREVENTS
Object
Virus Diseases
10. Treatment Protocols USES Diet
Subject
Treatment Protocols
Predicate
USES
Object
Diet
11. Coronavirus Infections CAUSES Multiple Organ Failure
Subject
Coronavirus Infections
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Multiple Organ Failure
12. Coronavirus Infections CAUSES Pneumonia
Subject
Coronavirus Infections
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Pneumonia
13. Dyspnea CAUSES Cessation of life
Subject
Dyspnea
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Cessation of life
14. Fever CAUSES Cessation of life
Subject
Fever
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Cessation of life
15. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
16. Disease PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
17. Obesity CAUSES Virus Diseases
Subject
Obesity
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Virus Diseases
18. Malnutrition CAUSES Virus Diseases
Subject
Malnutrition
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Virus Diseases
19. Dietary Modification PREVENTS Virus Diseases
Subject
Dietary Modification
Predicate
PREVENTS
Object
Virus Diseases
20. Treatment Protocols USES Diet
Subject
Treatment Protocols
Predicate
USES
Object
Diet
ABSTRACT
At the end of 2019, a new coronavirus (COVID-19) appeared on the world scene, which mainly affects the respiratory system, causing pneumonia and multi-organ failure, and, although it starts with common symptoms such as shortness of breath and fever, in about 2-3% of cases it leads to death. Unfortunately, to date, no specific treatments have been found for the cure of this virus and, therefore, it is advisable to implement all possible strategies in order to prevent infection. In this context, it is important to better define the role of all behaviors, in particular nutrition, in order to establish whether these can both prevent infection and improve the outcome of the disease in patients with COVID-19. In the literature, it is widely shown that states of malnutrition, overweight, and obesity negatively affect the immune system, leading to viral infections, and several studies have shown that nutritional interventions can act as immunostimulators, helping to prevent viral infections. Even if several measures, such as the assumption of a specific diet regimen, the use of dietary supplements, and other similar interventions, are promising for the prevention, management, and recovery of COVID-19 patients, it is important to highlight that strong data from randomized clinical trials are needed to support any such assumption. Considering this particular scenario, we present a literature review addressing several important aspects related to diet and SARS-CoV-2 infection, in order to highlight the importance of diet and supplementation in prevention and management of, as well as recovery from COVID-19.
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Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Nutritional Status / Dietary Supplements / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews Topics: Traditional medicine Limits: Humans Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Nu13030976

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Nutritional Status / Dietary Supplements / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews Topics: Traditional medicine Limits: Humans Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Nu13030976