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Mental Health Consequences of Lockdown During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Msherghi, Ahmed; Alsuyihili, Ali; Alsoufi, Ahmed; Ashini, Aimen; Alkshik, Zenib; Alshareea, Entisar; Idheiraj, Hanadi; Nagib, Taha; Abusriwel, Munera; Mustafa, Nada; Mohammed, Fatima; Eshbeel, Ayah; Elbarouni, Abobaker; Elhadi, Muhammed.
  • Msherghi A; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Alsuyihili A; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Alsoufi A; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Ashini A; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Alkshik Z; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Alshareea E; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Idheiraj H; Faculty of Medicine, Sabha University, Sabha, Libya.
  • Nagib T; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Abusriwel M; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Mustafa N; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Mohammed F; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
  • Eshbeel A; Faculty of Medicine, University of Zawia, Zawia, Libya.
  • Elbarouni A; Faculty of Medicine, University of Misrata, Misrata, Libya.
  • Elhadi M; Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
Front Psychol ; 12: 605279, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1140659
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Anxiety symptoms PREDISPOSES Anxiety
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Anxiety
2. Anxiety symptoms PROCESS_OF Woman
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Woman
3. Anxiety symptoms PREDISPOSES Anxiety
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Anxiety
4. Anxiety symptoms PROCESS_OF Woman
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Woman
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

We aimed to provide an overview of the psychological status and behavioral consequences of the lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic in Libya.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted among the Libyan population through May and June 2020 in more than 20 cities. The survey comprised basic demographic data of the participants and anxiety symptoms measured using the seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) with ≥15 as the cut-off score for clinically significant anxiety symptoms. Additionally, a survey regarding the lockdown effect was administered, which consisted of several parts, to measure the lockdown status.

RESULTS:

A total of 8084 responses were recorded, of which, 5090 (63%) were women and 2994 (37%) were men. The mean age (SD) for study participants was 27.2 (8.9) years. Among the participants, 1145 (14.2%) reached the cut-off score to detect anxiety symptoms; however, of the study variables, only five were predictors of clinically significant anxiety age, gender, marital status, work status, being a financial supporter for the family, and being infected with COVID-19. Women had 1.19 times higher odds to exhibit anxiety symptoms than men. Increasing age was significantly associated with reduced likelihood of exhibiting anxiety symptoms, whereas being married was significantly associated with higher likelihood of anxiety symptoms, compared to not being married. Being suspended from work was associated with an increase in the likelihood of anxiety symptoms. However, we found that being infected with COVID-19 was associated with a 9.59 times higher risk of exhibiting severe anxiety symptoms. Among the study participants, 1451 (17.9%) reported a physical and/or verbal abuse episode from family members, 958 (11.9%) reported abuse outside the family, and 641 (7.9%) reported abuse from enforcers, during the lockdown.

CONCLUSION:

Our study provided an overview of the psychological and behavioral status, among those who resided in Libya during the civil war and COVID-19 pandemic. The study demonstrates a concerningly high level of clinically significant anxiety during lockdown among the Libyan population during Libya's lockdown period.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Front Psychol Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fpsyg.2021.605279

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Language: English Journal: Front Psychol Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Fpsyg.2021.605279