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Emotional eating during COVID-19 in the United Kingdom: Exploring the roles of alexithymia and emotion dysregulation.
McAtamney, Katherine; Mantzios, Michail; Egan, Helen; Wallis, Deborah J.
  • McAtamney K; Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Birmingham City University, Cardigan Street, Birmingham, B4 7DB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Katherine.McAtamney@mail.bcu.ac.uk.
  • Mantzios M; Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Birmingham City University, Cardigan Street, Birmingham, B4 7DB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Michael.Mantzios@bcu.ac.uk.
  • Egan H; Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Birmingham City University, Cardigan Street, Birmingham, B4 7DB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Helen.Egan@bcu.ac.uk.
  • Wallis DJ; Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Birmingham City University, Cardigan Street, Birmingham, B4 7DB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Deborah.Wallis@bcu.ac.uk.
Appetite ; 161: 105120, 2021 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1163356
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Feeding behaviors COEXISTS_WITH Eating
Subject
Feeding behaviors
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Eating
2. Alexithymia AFFECTS Eating
Subject
Alexithymia
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Eating
3. Alexithymia COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Alexithymia
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
4. Feeding behaviors COEXISTS_WITH Eating
Subject
Feeding behaviors
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Eating
5. Alexithymia AFFECTS Eating
Subject
Alexithymia
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Eating
6. Alexithymia COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Alexithymia
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
ABSTRACT
Emotional eating, generally defined as (over)-eating in response to negative emotions, has been associated with poor physical and psychological outcomes. During a time of heightened negative affect, it is important to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown measures on eating behaviours, and further elucidate the ways in which emotional eating is related to emotion dysregulation and impaired abilities to identify emotions (i.e. alexithymia). The aims of this study were to explore perceived changes in eating behaviours in relation to self-reported negative affect during the pandemic and to examine direct and indirect effects of alexithymia on emotional eating. An online questionnaire measured these constructs in the general population of the United Kingdom (n = 136). Findings demonstrated that those who reported changes to their eating behaviours during the pandemic also reported greater levels of depression during the same time frame. Mediation analyses revealed that difficulties identifying and describing feelings both predicted emotional eating indirectly via emotion dysregulation. Findings contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the relationship between alexithymia and emotional eating and describe changes to eating behaviours during COVID-19. We discuss how these findings should be applied, and recommendations for future research.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Affective Symptoms / Emotions / Feeding Behavior / Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: Appetite Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Affective Symptoms / Emotions / Feeding Behavior / Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: Appetite Year: 2021 Document Type: Article