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A Detailed Characterisation of Appetite, Sensory Perceptional, and Eating-Behavioural Effects of COVID-19: Self-Reports from the Acute and Post-Acute Phase of Disease.
Chaaban, Nora; Høier, Alexander Teymour Zadeh Baboli; Andersen, Barbara Vad.
  • Chaaban N; Food Quality Perception and Society, Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Agro Food Park 48, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
  • Høier ATZB; Food Quality Perception and Society, Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Agro Food Park 48, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
  • Andersen BV; Food Quality Perception and Society, Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Agro Food Park 48, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
Foods ; 10(4)2021 Apr 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1194618
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Desire for food AFFECTS Feeding behaviors
Subject
Desire for food
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Feeding behaviors
2. Desire for food AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
Desire for food
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
3. Feeding behaviors AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
Feeding behaviors
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
4. Disease CAUSES Desire for food
Subject
Disease
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Desire for food
5. Hypesthesia COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Hypesthesia
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
6. Dysosmia AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
Dysosmia
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
7. Desire for food PROCESS_OF Homo sapiens
Subject
Desire for food
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Homo sapiens
8. COVID-19 AFFECTS Desire for food
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Desire for food
9. COVID-19 AFFECTS Feeding behaviors
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Feeding behaviors
10. COVID-19 AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
11. Desire for food AFFECTS Feeding behaviors
Subject
Desire for food
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Feeding behaviors
12. Desire for food AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
Desire for food
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
13. Feeding behaviors AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
Feeding behaviors
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
14. Disease CAUSES Desire for food
Subject
Disease
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Desire for food
15. Hypesthesia COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Hypesthesia
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
16. Dysosmia AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
Dysosmia
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
17. Desire for food PROCESS_OF Homo sapiens
Subject
Desire for food
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Homo sapiens
18. COVID-19 AFFECTS Desire for food
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Desire for food
19. COVID-19 AFFECTS Feeding behaviors
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Feeding behaviors
20. COVID-19 AFFECTS Esthesia
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Esthesia
ABSTRACT
Sensory perception alterations are common in relation to COVID-19 disease, but less is known about the characteristic of the sensory alterations, and how they associate with alterations in appetite and eating behaviour. The current study aims to investigate the acute and long-term effects of COVID-19 disease on (1) the desire for food, hunger, and satiety sensations; (2) smell, taste, and flavour perception; (3) meals and intake of food types; and (4) the frequency of commonly applied strategies to tackle potential changes in appetite and sensory perception. An online survey was conducted among Danish adults (n = 102) who had experienced changes in appetite, sensory perception, and/or food-related pleasure due to COVID-19 disease. Key results include appetite-altering effects at all times during the day when suffering from COVID-19 and often associated with impaired sensory function. Severe sensory perception alterations were found, namely, for the perception of taste, ageusia > hypogeusia > hypergeusia, and for the perception of smell, anosmia > parosmia > hyposmia > hyperosmia. Eating behavioural changes included alteration in quantitative and qualitative aspects of intake. The effects were, in general, more pronounced during the acute phase of disease than during the post-acute phase. The findings illustrate the complexity by which COVID-19 affects human appetite, sensory perception, and eating behaviour, but also point to strategies to cope with these changes.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Qualitative research Topics: Long Covid Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Foods10040892

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Qualitative research Topics: Long Covid Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Foods10040892