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Health Risks and Consequences of a COVID-19 Infection for People with Disabilities: Scoping Review and Descriptive Thematic Analysis.
Kamalakannan, Sureshkumar; Bhattacharjya, Sutanuka; Bogdanova, Yelena; Papadimitriou, Christina; Arango-Lasprilla, Juan Carlos; Bentley, Jacob; Jesus, Tiago S.
  • Kamalakannan S; Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), South Asia Centre for Disability Inclusive Development and Research (SACDIR), Indian Institute of Public Health-Hyderabad (IIPH-H), Hyderabad 500 033, India.
  • Bhattacharjya S; Department of Occupational Therapy, Byrdine F. Lewis College of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.
  • Bogdanova Y; Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Service, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA.
  • Papadimitriou C; Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.
  • Arango-Lasprilla JC; Departments of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309-4452, USA.
  • Bentley J; IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48903 Bilbao, Spain.
  • Jesus TS; Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, 48903 Barakaldo, Spain.
  • Refugee Empowerment Task Force International Networking Group Of The American Congress Of Rehabilitation Medicine; Department of Cell Biology and Histology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48903 Leioa, Spain.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(8)2021 04 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1194648
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Disability PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
Disability
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
2. Disability PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
Disability
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
ABSTRACT
This study aims to synthesize the literature on any disproportionate health risks or consequences of a COVID-19 infection for people with disabilities. Scoping review with a descriptive thematic analysis was carried out. Up to mid-September 2020, seven scientific databases and three preprint servers were searched to identify empirical or perspective papers. Snowballing searches and expert' consultations also took place. Two independent reviewers were used for the screenings and data extractions. Of 1027 references, 58 were included, 15 of which were empirical articles. The thematic analysis showed that (1) People with disabilities living in residential or long-term care facilities were more likely to have greater infection rates; (2) Intersecting mediators of greater infection risks were multiple (e.g., lack of accessible information); (3) People with disabilities often face greater health problems when infected; and (4) Unethical disadvantages in the rationing of lifesaving and critical care can be experienced by people with disabilities.

Conclusions:

Beyond any health-related vulnerabilities (e.g., comorbidity rates), multiple yet modifiable environmental factors can provide disproportionate health risks and consequences of a COVID-19 infection for people with disabilities. Public health and policy measures must prevent or reduce modifiable environmental risks.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Disabled Persons / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Prognostic study / Reviews / Risk factors Limits: Humans Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijerph18084348

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Disabled Persons / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Prognostic study / Reviews / Risk factors Limits: Humans Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijerph18084348