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Perceived impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on cannabis-using emerging adults.
Bonar, Erin E; Chapman, Lyndsay; McAfee, Jenna; Goldstick, Jason E; Bauermeister, José A; Carter, Patrick M; Young, Sean D; Walton, Maureen A.
  • Bonar EE; Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Chapman L; Addiction Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • McAfee J; Injury Prevention Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Goldstick JE; Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Bauermeister JA; Addiction Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Carter PM; Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Young SD; Injury Prevention Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • Walton MA; Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Transl Behav Med ; 11(7): 1299-1309, 2021 07 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1203733
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Marihuana AFFECTS COVID-19
Subject
Marihuana
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
COVID-19
2. mental health PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
mental health
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
3. Marihuana AFFECTS COVID-19
Subject
Marihuana
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
COVID-19
4. mental health PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
mental health
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
ABSTRACT
Cannabis-using youth are a large epidemiologic subgroup whose age and smoking-related risks underscore the importance of examining the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in this population. Within a clinical trial (n = 36 received an intervention prior to data collection reported herein), we surveyed cannabis-using emerging adults (ages 18-25) about perceived COVID-19 impacts. Participants (n = 141) reporting weekly cannabis use (M = 18.6 use days in the past 30) were enrolled and completed online surveys as part of either their baseline or 3 month assessment. COVID-19-related measures included symptoms, substance use, mood, etc. Participants were 57% female (mean age = 21, standard deviation = 2.2), with 21% Hispanic/Latinx, 70% White, 20% Black/African American, and 10% of other races. Most participants (86%) reported quarantine/self-isolation (M = 59 days). Several had COVID-19 symptoms (16%), but none reported testing COVID-19 positive. Many respondents felt their cannabis use (35%-50%, across consumption methods) and negative emotions (e.g., loneliness, stress, and depression; 69.5%, 69.5%, and 61.8%, respectively) increased. They reported decreased in-person socialization (90.8%) and job losses (23.4%). Reports of increased cannabis smoking were associated with increased negative emotions. On an open-response item, employment/finances and social isolation were frequently named negative impacts (33.3% and 29.4%, respectively). Although cannabis-using emerging adults' reports of increases in cannabis use, coupled with mental health symptoms and social isolation, are concerning, the full impact of the pandemic on their health and well-being remains unknown. Future studies examining the relationship between social isolation, mental health, and cannabis use among young people are needed.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Cannabis / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Young adult Language: English Journal: Transl Behav Med Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Tbm

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Cannabis / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Young adult Language: English Journal: Transl Behav Med Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Tbm