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Endolysosomal Ca2+ signaling in cardiovascular health and disease.
Negri, Sharon; Faris, Pawan; Moccia, Francesco.
  • Negri S; Laboratory of Physiology, Department of Biology and Biotechnology "Lazzaro Spallanzani", University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
  • Faris P; Laboratory of Physiology, Department of Biology and Biotechnology "Lazzaro Spallanzani", University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
  • Moccia F; Laboratory of Physiology, Department of Biology and Biotechnology "Lazzaro Spallanzani", University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: francesco.moccia@unipv.it.
Int Rev Cell Mol Biol ; 363: 203-269, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1212320
ABSTRACT
An increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) regulates a plethora of functions in the cardiovascular (CV) system, including contraction in cardiomyocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and angiogenesis in vascular endothelial cells and endothelial colony forming cells. The sarco/endoplasmic reticulum (SR/ER) represents the largest endogenous Ca2+ store, which releases Ca2+ through ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and/or inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (InsP3Rs) upon extracellular stimulation. The acidic vesicles of the endolysosomal (EL) compartment represent an additional endogenous Ca2+ store, which is targeted by several second messengers, including nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) and phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate [PI(3,5)P2], and may release intraluminal Ca2+ through multiple Ca2+ permeable channels, including two-pore channels 1 and 2 (TPC1-2) and Transient Receptor Potential Mucolipin 1 (TRPML1). Herein, we discuss the emerging, pathophysiological role of EL Ca2+ signaling in the CV system. We describe the role of cardiac TPCs in ß-adrenoceptor stimulation, arrhythmia, hypertrophy, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. We then illustrate the role of EL Ca2+ signaling in VSMCs, where TPCs promote vasoconstriction and contribute to pulmonary artery hypertension and atherosclerosis, whereas TRPML1 sustains vasodilation and is also involved in atherosclerosis. Subsequently, we describe the mechanisms whereby endothelial TPCs promote vasodilation, contribute to neurovascular coupling in the brain and stimulate angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Finally, we discuss about the possibility to target TPCs, which are likely to mediate CV cell infection by the Severe Acute Respiratory Disease-Coronavirus-2, with Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs to alleviate the detrimental effects of Coronavirus Disease-19 on the CV system.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Cardiovascular Diseases / Cardiovascular System / Calcium Signaling / SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 / Lysosomes Topics: Long Covid Limits: Animals / Humans Language: English Journal: Int Rev Cell Mol Biol Journal subject: Molecular Biology Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Bs.ircmb.2021.03.001

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Cardiovascular Diseases / Cardiovascular System / Calcium Signaling / SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 / Lysosomes Topics: Long Covid Limits: Animals / Humans Language: English Journal: Int Rev Cell Mol Biol Journal subject: Molecular Biology Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Bs.ircmb.2021.03.001