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Loneliness and social disconnectedness in the time of pandemic period among Brazilians: evidence from the ELSI COVID-19 initiative.
Torres, Juliana Lustosa; Braga, Luciana de Souza; Moreira, Bruno de Souza; Sabino Castro, Camila Menezes; Vaz, Camila Teixeira; Andrade, Amanda Cristina de Souza; Bof Andrade, Fabíola; Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda; Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira.
  • Torres JL; Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Braga LS; Graduate Program in Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Observatory for Urban Health in Belo Horizonte, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Moreira BS; Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Sabino Castro CM; Graduate Program in Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Observatory for Urban Health in Belo Horizonte, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Vaz CT; Post-Doctoral Student at the Public Health and Aging Studies Center, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Andrade ACS; Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Bof Andrade F; Collective Health Institute, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
  • Lima-Costa MF; Rene Rachou Research Center, The Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Aging Ment Health ; : 1-7, 2021 May 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1221407
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Speech PROCESS_OF Households
Subject
Speech
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Households
2. Disconnection PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
Disconnection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
3. Speech PROCESS_OF Households
Subject
Speech
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Households
4. Disconnection PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
Disconnection
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
ABSTRACT

Objectives:

This study aimed at estimating the pre-pandemic and pandemic prevalence of loneliness and investigating the association of loneliness with social disconnectedness during social distancing strategies in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic period.

Methods:

We used data from the ELSI COVID-19 initiative with participants from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSI-Brazil), which comprised 4,431 participants aged 50 years and over. Loneliness (hardly ever/some of the time/often) was assessed by the question "In the past 30 days, how often did you feel alone/lonely?". Social disconnectedness included information on social contacts through virtual talking (i.e. telephone, Skype, WhatsApp, or social media) and outside-home meetings with people living in another household. Covariates included sociodemographic and health related characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence interval (CI).

Results:

The overall prevalence of loneliness during the pandemic was 23.9% (95% CI 20.7-27.5); lower than in the pre-pandemic period (32.8%; 95% CI 28.6-37.4). In the pandemic period, 20.1% (95% CI 16.9-23.6) reported some of the time feeling lonely and 3.9% (95% CI 3.1-4.8) reported often feeling lonely. In the fully adjusted model, virtual talking disconnectedness (OR=1.67; 95% CI 1.09-2.56) was positively associated with some of the time feeling lonely and outside-home disconnectedness (OR=0.33; 95% CI 0.18-0.60) was negatively associated with often feeling lonely.

Conclusion:

Individuals with virtual talking disconnectedness and without outside-home disconnectedness are at higher risk of loneliness during the time of COVID-19 pandemic. Stimulating virtual talking connectedness might have the potential to diminish loneliness despite steep outside-home disconnectedness.

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Observational study / Evidence synthesis / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Aging Ment Health Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Observational study / Evidence synthesis / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Aging Ment Health Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2021
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