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Association of maternal lipid profile and gestational diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 292 studies and 97,880 women.
Hu, Jiamiao; Gillies, Clare L; Lin, Shaoling; Stewart, Zoe A; Melford, Sarah E; Abrams, Keith R; Baker, Philip N; Khunti, Kamlesh; Tan, Bee K.
  • Hu J; College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, PR China.
  • Gillies CL; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.
  • Lin S; Diabetes Research Centre, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom.
  • Stewart ZA; Diabetes Research Centre, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom.
  • Melford SE; College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, PR China.
  • Abrams KR; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.
  • Baker PN; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.
  • Khunti K; Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.
  • Tan BK; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.
EClinicalMedicine ; 34: 100830, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1230444
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Pregnancy PROCESS_OF Woman
Subject
Pregnancy
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Woman
2. Gestational Diabetes PROCESS_OF Woman
Subject
Gestational Diabetes
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Woman
3. Triglycerides ASSOCIATED_WITH Gestational Diabetes
Subject
Triglycerides
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Gestational Diabetes
4. Pregnancy PROCESS_OF Woman
Subject
Pregnancy
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Woman
5. Gestational Diabetes PROCESS_OF Woman
Subject
Gestational Diabetes
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Woman
6. Triglycerides ASSOCIATED_WITH Gestational Diabetes
Subject
Triglycerides
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Gestational Diabetes
ABSTRACT

Background:

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most prevalent metabolic disorder during pregnancy, however, the association between dyslipidaemia and GDM remains unclear.

Methods:

We searched Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, Maternity and Infant Care database (MIDIRS) and ClinicalTrials.gov up to February 2021 for relevant studies which reported on the circulating lipid profile during pregnancy, in women with and without GDM. Publications describing original data with at least one raw lipid [triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), or very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C)] measurement were retained. Data extraction was performed using a piloted data extraction form. The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42019139696).

Findings:

A total of 292 studies, comprising of 97,880 pregnant women (28232 GDM and 69,648 controls) were included. Using random-effects meta-analysis models to pool study estimates, women with GDM had significantly higher (by 20%) TG levels, with a pooled weighted mean difference between GDM and non-GDM pregnancies of 0.388 mM (0.336, 0.439, p < 0.001). Further analyses revealed elevated TG levels occur in the first trimester and persist afterwards. Meta-regression analyses showed that differences in TG levels between women with GDM and healthy controls were significantly associated with age, BMI, study continent, OGTT procedure, and GDM diagnosis criteria.

Interpretation:

Elevated lipids, particularly, TG, are associated with GDM.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Prognostic study / Risk factors / Systematic review Language: English Journal: EClinicalMedicine Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Prognostic study / Risk factors / Systematic review Language: English Journal: EClinicalMedicine Year: 2021
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