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Participation in Social Activities and Relationship between Walking Habits and Disability Incidence.
Katayama, Osamu; Lee, Sangyoon; Bae, Seongryu; Makino, Keitaro; Chiba, Ippei; Harada, Kenji; Shinkai, Yohei; Shimada, Hiroyuki.
  • Katayama O; Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka-cho, Aichi, Obu City 474-8511, Japan.
  • Lee S; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 5-3-1 Koji-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan.
  • Bae S; Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka-cho, Aichi, Obu City 474-8511, Japan.
  • Makino K; Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka-cho, Aichi, Obu City 474-8511, Japan.
  • Chiba I; Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka-cho, Aichi, Obu City 474-8511, Japan.
  • Harada K; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 5-3-1 Koji-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan.
  • Shinkai Y; Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka-cho, Aichi, Obu City 474-8511, Japan.
  • Shimada H; Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka-cho, Aichi, Obu City 474-8511, Japan.
J Clin Med ; 10(9)2021 Apr 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1238900
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Disability PROCESS_OF Elderly (population group)
Subject
Disability
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Elderly (population group)
2. Tailored Intervention PREVENTS Disability
Subject
Tailored Intervention
Predicate
PREVENTS
Object
Disability
3. Syndrome PROCESS_OF Old age
Subject
Syndrome
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Old age
4. Physical function PREDISPOSES Disability
Subject
Physical function
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Disability
5. Evaluation procedure TREATS Disability
Subject
Evaluation procedure
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Disability
6. Disability PROCESS_OF Participant
Subject
Disability
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Participant
7. Disability PROCESS_OF Elderly (population group)
Subject
Disability
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Elderly (population group)
8. Tailored Intervention PREVENTS Disability
Subject
Tailored Intervention
Predicate
PREVENTS
Object
Disability
9. Syndrome PROCESS_OF Old age
Subject
Syndrome
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Old age
10. Physical function PREDISPOSES Disability
Subject
Physical function
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Disability
11. Evaluation procedure TREATS Disability
Subject
Evaluation procedure
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Disability
12. Disability PROCESS_OF Participant
Subject
Disability
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Participant
ABSTRACT
Identifying the relationship between physical and social activity and disability among community-dwelling older adults may provide important information for implementing tailored interventions to prevent disability progression. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the number of social activities on the relationship between walking habits and disability incidence in older adults. We included 2873 older adults (mean age, 73.1 years; SD, ±5.9 years) from the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Study of Geriatric Syndromes. Baseline measurements, including frequencies of physical and social activities, health conditions, physical function, cognitive function, metabolic parameters, and other potential disability risk factors (for example, the number of years of education); monthly assessment for disability was monitored through long-term care insurance certification for at least 2 years from baseline. During a mean follow-up of 35.1 months (SD, 6.4 months), 133 participants developed disability. The disability incidence was 19.0 and 27.9 per 1000 person-years for participants who walked more (≥3 times per week) and less (≤3 times per week) frequently, respectively. The potential confounding factor-adjusted disability hazard ratio was 0.67 (95% confidence interval, 0.46 to 0.96; p = 0.030). The relationship between habitual walking and the number of social activities was statistically significant (p = 0.004). The reduction of disability risk by walking was greater among participants with fewer social activities. Habitual walking was associated with disability incidence, with a more pronounced effect among older adults who were less likely to engage in social activities.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Cohort study / Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm10091895

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Cohort study / Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jcm10091895