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The Association between Olfactory Function and Cognitive Impairment in Older Persons with Cognitive Impairments: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Park, Hyangjeong; Kim, Heejeong; Kim, Sisook; Cha, Hyegyeong.
  • Park H; Department of Nursing, Cheonan Medical Center, Cheonan 31071, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea.
  • Kim H; Department of Nursing, College of Health & Health Care, Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea.
  • Kim S; Department of Nursing, College of Health & Health Care, Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea.
  • Cha H; Department of Nursing, College of Health & Health Care, Namseoul University, Cheonan 31020, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 9(4)2021 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1241262
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Impaired cognition PROCESS_OF Older people
Subject
Impaired cognition
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Older people
2. Impaired cognition AFFECTS Smell function
Subject
Impaired cognition
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Smell function
3. Cognition PROCESS_OF Older people
Subject
Cognition
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Older people
4. Impaired cognition PROCESS_OF Older people
Subject
Impaired cognition
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Older people
5. Impaired cognition AFFECTS Smell function
Subject
Impaired cognition
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Smell function
6. Cognition PROCESS_OF Older people
Subject
Cognition
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Older people
ABSTRACT
Olfactory function is an emerging topic of research in the fields of cognitive impairment and neurodegenerative diseases. We aimed to confirm the association between olfactory function and cognitive impairment by assessing the olfactory function of older persons with cognitive impairment and identify whether olfactory function is associated with cognitive impairment. For this study, we recruited 117 older people aged ≥65 years with cognitive impairments from a public hospital in Korea. We used the Korean version of the expanded clinical dementia rating scale to evaluate participants' cognitive impairments, and the University of Pennsylvania's smell identification test to assess their olfactory function. Our results indicate a significant negative correlation between olfactory function and all domains of cognitive impairment (memory, orientation, judgement and problem-solving, community affairs, home and hobbies, and personal care). In addition, olfactory function was a factor associated with cognitive impairment in older persons. Therefore, we expect that our results to provide useful data for the development of interventions using olfactory stimulation to improve cognitive function in older persons with cognitive impairment.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article