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Social determinants of health, from assessment to action: A review of 3 studies from the value institute at christianacare
Delaware Journal of Public Health ; 6(2), 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1257760
ABSTRACT

Introduction:

The COVID-19 crisis highlights the importance of screening for and managing adverse social determinants of health (SDoH). Many of the same SDoH items that put individuals at increased risk of COVID-19 infection have increased dramatically due to the economic repercussions of slowing the viral spread.

Methods:

This is a review of 3 studies conducted by the Health Services Research Core in the Value Institute at ChristianaCare. The studies had 3 overarching goals 1) to conduct a survey of primary care providers in Delaware to determine their current methods for collection of social determinants data, 2) to validate a 2-item screening tool for food insecurity, and 3) to assess the geographic distribution of patients with food insecurity.

Results:

Our studies have demonstrated the importance of screening for SDoH by highlighting the inconsistent data collection of SDoH items, examining the prevalence of food insecurity and validating a standardized instrument for rapid data collection, as well as displaying geospatial differences in food insecurity prevalence across New Castle County, DE. Public Health Implications The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the prevalence of these social determinants in our communities. Therefore, it is imperative to employ screening and geospatial strategies to address the SDoH implications of the novel coronavirus. © 2020, Delaware Academy of Medicine. All rights reserved.
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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Delaware Journal of Public Health Year: 2020 Document Type: Article

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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Delaware Journal of Public Health Year: 2020 Document Type: Article