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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on stress, resilience and depression in health professionals: a cross-sectional study.
Manzanares, Isabel; Sevilla Guerra, Sonia; Lombraña Mencía, María; Acar-Denizli, Nihan; Miranda Salmerón, Josep; Martinez Estalella, Gemma.
  • Manzanares I; Epilepsy Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Sevilla Guerra S; Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Lombraña Mencía M; Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Acar-Denizli N; Nursing Administration, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Miranda Salmerón J; Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Martinez Estalella G; Nursing Administration, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
Int Nurs Rev ; 68(4): 461-470, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1258943
ABSTRACT

AIM:

To describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on stress, resilience and depression in health professionals from a public hospital in Barcelona, Spain after the first peak of pandemic.

BACKGROUND:

The COVID-19 pandemic in Spain has pushed boundaries in health systems and, especially, for health professionals. Analysis of resilience as an individual resource and it is essential to understand the mechanisms that make staff react unfavourably to stressors caused by the pandemic.

DESIGN:

A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed.

PARTICIPANTS:

Health professionals supervised by the nursing department, including registered nurses, health care assistants, health technicians, final year nurse student nurses, foreign nurses, and other nurse-related health workers.

METHODS:

The study complies with the STROBE checklist for cross-sectional studies. An online survey was administered to all health professionals supervised by the nursing department between 6 and 27 May 2020. The survey included the ER-14 Resilience Scale, the widely-used PHQ-9 depression scale, the Spanish version of the Nursing Stress Scale, and an ad-hoc questionnaire to obtain sociodemographic and occupational variables.

RESULTS:

A total of 686 participants answered the survey. Resilience was high or very high in health professionals, with an inverse correlation with stress and depression scores. Personal on fixed shifts showed better resilience. The most stressed health professionals were full-time registered nurses, followed by health care assistants. Up to 25% of nursing professionals had depression.

CONCLUSION:

Our study showed a high degree of resilience among nurse professionals despite the overwhelming nature of the COVID-19 pandemic. Relevant signs of depression and stress were detected among participants. Occupational factors heavily influenced nurses' resilience, stress and depression. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING & HEALTH POLICY Government policy shifts are needed in Spain to improve nurses' workforce conditions, enhance the ratio of nurses to patient numbers, and avoid workforce losses. Maintaining the resilience of health professionals would assist in improving their health and their capacity to possible future emergency situations.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Int Nurs Rev Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Inr.12693

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Int Nurs Rev Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Inr.12693