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Role of vitamins and minerals as immunity boosters in COVID-19.
Kumar, Puneet; Kumar, Mandeep; Bedi, Onkar; Gupta, Manisha; Kumar, Sachin; Jaiswal, Gagandeep; Rahi, Vikrant; Yedke, Narhari Gangaram; Bijalwan, Anjali; Sharma, Shubham; Jamwal, Sumit.
  • Kumar P; Department of Pharmacology, Central University of Punjab, Ghudda-151401, Bathinda, Punjab, India. punnubansal79@gmail.com.
  • Kumar M; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
  • Bedi O; Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Punjab, India.
  • Gupta M; Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Punjab, India.
  • Kumar S; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University, Bathinda, India.
  • Jaiswal G; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University, Bathinda, India.
  • Rahi V; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University, Bathinda, India.
  • Yedke NG; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University, Bathinda, India.
  • Bijalwan A; Department of Pharmacology, Central University of Punjab, Ghudda-151401, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
  • Sharma S; Department of Pharmacology, Central University of Punjab, Ghudda-151401, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
  • Jamwal S; Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06511, USA.
Inflammopharmacology ; 29(4): 1001-1016, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1263162
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Minerals ASSOCIATED_WITH Disease
Subject
Minerals
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Disease
2. Vitamins ASSOCIATED_WITH Disease
Subject
Vitamins
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Disease
3. Chronic infectious disease AFFECTS General wellbeing
Subject
Chronic infectious disease
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
General wellbeing
4. calcium ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
calcium
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
5. Chlorides ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
Chlorides
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
6. phosphorus ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
phosphorus
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
7. potassium ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
potassium
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
8. sodium ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
sodium
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
9. zinc ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
zinc
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
10. Vitamins TREATS Disease
Subject
Vitamins
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Disease
11. Minerals CAUSES Immune status
Subject
Minerals
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Immune status
12. Vitamins CAUSES Immune status
Subject
Vitamins
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Immune status
13. Disease PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
14. Minerals ASSOCIATED_WITH Disease
Subject
Minerals
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Disease
15. Vitamins ASSOCIATED_WITH Disease
Subject
Vitamins
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Disease
16. Chronic infectious disease AFFECTS General wellbeing
Subject
Chronic infectious disease
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
General wellbeing
17. calcium ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
calcium
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
18. Chlorides ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
Chlorides
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
19. phosphorus ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
phosphorus
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
20. potassium ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
potassium
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
21. sodium ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
sodium
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
22. zinc ASSOCIATED_WITH Communicable Diseases
Subject
zinc
Predicate
ASSOCIATED_WITH
Object
Communicable Diseases
23. Vitamins TREATS Disease
Subject
Vitamins
Predicate
TREATS
Object
Disease
24. Minerals CAUSES Immune status
Subject
Minerals
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Immune status
25. Vitamins CAUSES Immune status
Subject
Vitamins
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Immune status
26. Disease PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Disease
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
ABSTRACT
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) known as coronavirus disease (COVID-19), emerged in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. On March 11, 2020, it was declared a global pandemic. As the world grapples with COVID-19 and the paucity of clinically meaningful therapies, attention has been shifted to modalities that may aid in immune system strengthening. Taking into consideration that the COVID-19 infection strongly affects the immune system via multiple inflammatory responses, pharmaceutical companies are working to develop targeted drugs and vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19. A balanced nutritional diet may play an essential role in maintaining general wellbeing by controlling chronic infectious diseases. A balanced diet including vitamin A, B, C, D, E, and K, and some micronutrients such as zinc, sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, and phosphorus may be beneficial in various infectious diseases. This study aimed to discuss and present recent data regarding the role of vitamins and minerals in the treatment of COVID-19. A deficiency of these vitamins and minerals in the plasma concentration may lead to a reduction in the good performance of the immune system, which is one of the constituents that lead to a poor immune state. This is a narrative review concerning the features of the COVID-19 and data related to the usage of vitamins and minerals as preventive measures to decrease the morbidity and mortality rate in patients with COVID-19.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Vitamins / Micronutrients / Dietary Supplements / COVID-19 / Immune System / Minerals Type of study: Reviews Topics: Traditional medicine / Vaccines Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Inflammopharmacology Journal subject: Pharmacology / Drug Therapy Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S10787-021-00826-7

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Vitamins / Micronutrients / Dietary Supplements / COVID-19 / Immune System / Minerals Type of study: Reviews Topics: Traditional medicine / Vaccines Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Inflammopharmacology Journal subject: Pharmacology / Drug Therapy Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S10787-021-00826-7