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The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances in COVID-19 patients: a meta-analysis.
Deng, Jiawen; Zhou, Fangwen; Hou, Wenteng; Silver, Zachary; Wong, Chi Yi; Chang, Oswin; Huang, Emma; Zuo, Qi Kang.
  • Deng J; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • Zhou F; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • Hou W; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • Silver Z; Faculty of Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
  • Wong CY; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • Chang O; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • Huang E; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • Zuo QK; Department of Anesthesiology, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1486(1): 90-111, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1263856
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
2. Anxiety OCCURS_IN Patients
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
OCCURS_IN
Object
Patients
3. Depressive disorder OCCURS_IN Patients
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
OCCURS_IN
Object
Patients
4. Sleep disturbances OCCURS_IN Patients
Subject
Sleep disturbances
Predicate
OCCURS_IN
Object
Patients
5. Infected PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Infected
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
6. Mental health.status PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Mental health.status
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
7. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Outpatients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Outpatients
8. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
9. Anxiety OCCURS_IN Patients
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
OCCURS_IN
Object
Patients
10. Depressive disorder OCCURS_IN Patients
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
OCCURS_IN
Object
Patients
11. Sleep disturbances OCCURS_IN Patients
Subject
Sleep disturbances
Predicate
OCCURS_IN
Object
Patients
12. Infected PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Infected
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
13. Mental health.status PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Mental health.status
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
14. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Outpatients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Outpatients
ABSTRACT
Evidence from previous coronavirus outbreaks has shown that infected patients are at risk for developing psychiatric and mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances. To construct a comprehensive picture of the mental health status in COVID-19 patients, we conducted a systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances in this population. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Wanfang Data, Wangfang Med Online, CNKI, and CQVIP for relevant articles, and we included 31 studies (n = 5153) in our analyses. We found that the pooled prevalence of depression was 45% (95% CI 37-54%, I2  = 96%), the pooled prevalence of anxiety was 47% (95% CI 37-57%, I2  = 97%), and the pooled prevalence of sleeping disturbances was 34% (95% CI 19-50%, I2  = 98%). We did not find any significant differences in the prevalence estimates between different genders; however, the depression and anxiety prevalence estimates varied based on different screening tools. More observational studies assessing the mental wellness of COVID-19 outpatients and COVID-19 patients from countries other than China are needed to further examine the psychological implications of COVID-19 infections.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Anxiety / Sleep Wake Disorders / Depression / Pandemics / SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Ann N Y Acad Sci Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Nyas.14506

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Anxiety / Sleep Wake Disorders / Depression / Pandemics / SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Ann N Y Acad Sci Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Nyas.14506