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Gender differences in weight gain during lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents with obesity.
Maltoni, Giulio; Zioutas, Maximiliano; Deiana, Giuseppina; Biserni, Giovanni Battista; Pession, Andrea; Zucchini, Stefano.
  • Maltoni G; Pediatric Unit, Department of Woman, Child and Urologic Diseases, University of Bologna, IRCCS S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Italy.
  • Zioutas M; Pediatric Unit, Department of Woman, Child and Urologic Diseases, University of Bologna, IRCCS S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Italy.
  • Deiana G; Pediatric Unit, Department of Woman, Child and Urologic Diseases, University of Bologna, IRCCS S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Italy.
  • Biserni GB; Pediatric Unit, Department of Woman, Child and Urologic Diseases, University of Bologna, IRCCS S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Italy.
  • Pession A; Pediatric Unit, Department of Woman, Child and Urologic Diseases, University of Bologna, IRCCS S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Italy.
  • Zucchini S; Pediatric Unit, Department of Woman, Child and Urologic Diseases, University of Bologna, IRCCS S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Italy. Electronic address: stefano.zucchini@aosp.bo.it.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(7): 2181-2185, 2021 06 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1300960
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Increased body mass index COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Increased body mass index
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
2. COVID-19 COEXISTS_WITH Sedentary lifestyle
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Sedentary lifestyle
3. Accumulation COEXISTS_WITH Obesity
Subject
Accumulation
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Obesity
4. Obesity PROCESS_OF Adolescent (age group)
Subject
Obesity
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Adolescent (age group)
5. Adolescent (age group) LOCATION_OF CD69 protei
Subject
Adolescent (age group)
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
CD69 protei
6. CD69 protei PART_OF C0027627
Subject
CD69 protei
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
C0027627
7. CD69 protei AFFECTS C0005911
Subject
CD69 protei
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
C0005911
8. Exercise CAUSES Worse
Subject
Exercise
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Worse
9. Increased body mass index COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Increased body mass index
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
10. COVID-19 COEXISTS_WITH Sedentary lifestyle
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Sedentary lifestyle
11. Accumulation COEXISTS_WITH Obesity
Subject
Accumulation
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
Obesity
12. Obesity PROCESS_OF Adolescent (age group)
Subject
Obesity
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Adolescent (age group)
13. Adolescent (age group) LOCATION_OF CD69 protein, human|CD69
Subject
Adolescent (age group)
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
CD69 protein, human|CD69
14. CD69 protein, human|CD69 PART_OF Neoplasm Metastasis
Subject
CD69 protein, human|CD69
Predicate
PART_OF
Object
Neoplasm Metastasis
15. CD69 protein, human|CD69 AFFECTS Body Weight Changes
Subject
CD69 protein, human|CD69
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Body Weight Changes
16. Exercise CAUSES Worse
Subject
Exercise
Predicate
CAUSES
Object
Worse
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND AND

AIM:

Lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic has forced a decrease in physical activity (PA), an increase in sedentary behavior (SB) and a possibly worsening of fat accumulation in already obese subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate how social restriction may have contributed to weight changes in adolescents with obesity. Secondary aim was to evaluate possible parameters influencing weight changes. METHODS AND

RESULTS:

Parameters of 51 obese adolescents were compared between two visits within 2 months before 8 March, start of lockdown, and within 40 days after the end of it.

RESULTS:

Mean weight gain during lockdown was 2.8 ± 3.7 kg (p < 0.001). Weight increase was higher in males than in females (3.8 ± 3.4 kg vs 1.2 ± 3.7 kg, p = 0.02). The hours dedicated to SB increased (+2.9 ± 2.8 h/day; p < 0.001) while the hours of PA decreased (-1.0 ± 1.6 h/week; p < 0.001). Males spent more hours in SB than females (+3.8 ± 2.7 h/day vs +1.5 ± 2.5 h/day; p = 0.003). There were minor changes in diet during lockdown. The most significant variables influencing both delta BMI and waist/height ratio increase were hours devoted to SB during lockdown and differences in mild and moderate PA before and after lockdown.

CONCLUSIONS:

Obese adolescents showed a worsening of obesity during lockdown, with males mainly affected, mainly due to a reduced mild PA and increased hours spent in SB.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Weight Gain / Pediatric Obesity / Physical Distancing / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Experimental Studies / Prognostic study Limits: Adolescent / Child / Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis Journal subject: Vascular Diseases / Cardiology / Nutritional Sciences / Metabolism Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.numecd.2021.03.018

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Weight Gain / Pediatric Obesity / Physical Distancing / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Experimental Studies / Prognostic study Limits: Adolescent / Child / Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis Journal subject: Vascular Diseases / Cardiology / Nutritional Sciences / Metabolism Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.numecd.2021.03.018