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COVID-19 exacerbates unequal food access
Applied Geography ; 134, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1316377
ABSTRACT
Inequality to food access has always been a serious problem, yet it became even more critical during the COVID-19 pandemic, which exacerbated social inequality and reshaped essential travel. This study provides a holistic view of spatio-temporal changes in food access based on observed travel data for all grocery shopping trips in Columbus, Ohio, during and after the state-wide stay-at-home period. We estimated the decline and recovery patterns of store visits during the pandemic to identify the key socio-economic and built environment determinants of food shopping patterns. The results show a disparity during the lockdown, store visits to dollar stores declined the least, while visits to big-box stores declined the most and recovered the fastest. Visits to stores in low-income areas experienced smaller changes even during the lockdown period. A higher percentage of low-income customers was associated with lower store visits during the lockdown period. Furthermore, stores with a higher percentage of white customers declined the least and recovered faster during the reopening phase. Our study improves the understanding of the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on food access disparities and business performance. It highlights the role of COVID-19 and similar disruptions on exposing underlying social problems in the US. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Applied Geography Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: Scopus Language: English Journal: Applied Geography Year: 2021 Document Type: Article