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Quantum algorithm for quicker clinical prognostic analysis: an application and experimental study using CT scan images of COVID-19 patients.
Sengupta, Kinshuk; Srivastava, Praveen Ranjan.
  • Sengupta K; Microsoft Corporation, New Delhi , India. efpm01.004@iimrohtak.ac.in.
  • Srivastava PR; Department of Information System, Indian Institute of Management, Rohtak, India. efpm01.004@iimrohtak.ac.in.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 21(1): 227, 2021 07 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1331941
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

In medical diagnosis and clinical practice, diagnosing a disease early is crucial for accurate treatment, lessening the stress on the healthcare system. In medical imaging research, image processing techniques tend to be vital in analyzing and resolving diseases with a high degree of accuracy. This paper establishes a new image classification and segmentation method through simulation techniques, conducted over images of COVID-19 patients in India, introducing the use of Quantum Machine Learning (QML) in medical practice.

METHODS:

This study establishes a prototype model for classifying COVID-19, comparing it with non-COVID pneumonia signals in Computed tomography (CT) images. The simulation work evaluates the usage of quantum machine learning algorithms, while assessing the efficacy for deep learning models for image classification problems, and thereby establishes performance quality that is required for improved prediction rate when dealing with complex clinical image data exhibiting high biases.

RESULTS:

The study considers a novel algorithmic implementation leveraging quantum neural network (QNN). The proposed model outperformed the conventional deep learning models for specific classification task. The performance was evident because of the efficiency of quantum simulation and faster convergence property solving for an optimization problem for network training particularly for large-scale biased image classification task. The model run-time observed on quantum optimized hardware was 52 min, while on K80 GPU hardware it was 1 h 30 min for similar sample size. The simulation shows that QNN outperforms DNN, CNN, 2D CNN by more than 2.92% in gain in accuracy measure with an average recall of around 97.7%.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggest that quantum neural networks outperform in COVID-19 traits' classification task, comparing to deep learning w.r.t model efficacy and training time. However, a further study needs to be conducted to evaluate implementation scenarios by integrating the model within medical devices.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Deep Learning / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Prognostic study Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: BMC Med Inform Decis Mak Journal subject: Medical Informatics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S12911-021-01588-6

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Deep Learning / COVID-19 Type of study: Experimental Studies / Prognostic study Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: BMC Med Inform Decis Mak Journal subject: Medical Informatics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S12911-021-01588-6