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A cross-sectional study of infection control measures against COVID-19 and psychological distress among Japanese workers.
Yasuda, Yoshino; Ishimaru, Tomohiro; Nagata, Masako; Tateishi, Seiichiro; Eguchi, Hisashi; Tsuji, Mayumi; Ogami, Akira; Matsuda, Shinya; Fujino, Yoshihisa.
  • Yasuda Y; Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Ishimaru T; Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Nagata M; Department of Occupational Health Practice and Management, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Tateishi S; Department of Occupational Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Eguchi H; Department of Mental Health, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Tsuji M; Department of Environmental Health, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Ogami A; Department of Work Systems and Health, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Matsuda S; Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
  • Fujino Y; Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12259, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1340230
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ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined the relationship between the status of infection control efforts against COVID-19 in the workplace and workers' mental health using a large-scale Internet-based study.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was based on an Internet monitoring survey conducted during the third wave of the COVID-19 epidemic in Japan. Of the 33 302 people who participated in the survey, 27 036 were included in the analyses. Participants answered whether or not each of 10 different infection control measures was in place at their workplace (eg, wearing masks at all times during working hours). A Kessler 6 (K6) score of ≥13 was defined as mild psychological distress. The odds ratios (ORs) of psychological distress associated with infection control measures at the workplace were estimated using a multilevel logistic model nested in the prefectures of residence.

RESULTS:

The OR of subjects working at facilities with 4 or 5 infection control measures for psychological distress was 1.19 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-1.34, P = .010), that in facilities with 2 or 3 infection control measures was 1.43 (95% CI 1.25-1.64, P < .001), and that in facilities with 1 or no infection control measures was 1.87 (95% CI 1.63-2.14, P < .001) compared to subjects whose workplaces had ≥6 infection control measures.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings suggest that proactive COVID-19 infection control measures can influence the mental health of workers.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Infection Control / Employment / Psychological Distress / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: J Occup Health Journal subject: Occupational Medicine Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: 1348-9585.12259

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Infection Control / Employment / Psychological Distress / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: J Occup Health Journal subject: Occupational Medicine Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: 1348-9585.12259