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Association of Healthy Diet with Recovery Time from COVID-19: Results from a Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study.
Alamri, Faisal F; Khan, Aslam; Alshehri, Abdulaziz O; Assiri, Ahmed; Khan, Shahd I; Aldwihi, Leen A; Alkathiri, Munirah A; Almohammed, Omar A; Salamatullah, Ahmad M; Alali, Amer S; Badoghaish, Waleed; Alshamrani, Abdulmajeed A; AlRuthia, Yazed; Alqahtani, Faleh.
  • Alamri FF; Basic Sciences Department, College of Science and Health Professions, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah 22384, Saudi Arabia.
  • Khan A; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah 22384, Saudi Arabia.
  • Alshehri AO; Basic Sciences Department, College of Science and Health Professions, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah 22384, Saudi Arabia.
  • Assiri A; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah 22384, Saudi Arabia.
  • Khan SI; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  • Aldwihi LA; General Directorate of Clinical Excellence, Ministry of Health, Riyadh 11176, Saudi Arabia.
  • Alkathiri MA; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  • Almohammed OA; Pharmaceutical Care Department, AlNoor Specialist Hospital, Ministry of Health, Makkah 24241, Saudi Arabia.
  • Salamatullah AM; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  • Alali AS; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  • Badoghaish W; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  • Alshamrani AA; Pharmacoeconomics Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  • AlRuthia Y; Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  • Alqahtani F; Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj 11942, Saudi Arabia.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(16)2021 08 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1341683
ABSTRACT
The world is still in need of an effective therapy to treat coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). This cross-sectional study was conducted on COVID-19 survivors in Saudi Arabia to investigate the influence of a healthy diet on the recovery time from COVID-19. A questionnaire was developed to assess participants' dietary habits, based on the 2015 Dutch food-based dietary guidelines. A total of 738 COVID-19 survivors participated in the study, of whom 237 (32.1%) were hospitalized for COVID-19 treatment while 501 (76.9%) were not hospitalized, and 320 (43.4%) were females and 418 (56.6%) were males. Overall, no significant difference was noted in healthy diet score between males and females; however, this score was significantly lower for Saudis compared to non-Saudis. Among the non-hospitalized patients, eating a more healthy diet was associated with a shorter duration of recovery (p < 0.05) and was significantly affected by gender (15.8 ± 9.3 male vs. 12.1 ± 8.9 female; p < 0.001) and marital status (12.1 ± 8.4 singles vs. 13.7 ± 9.3 married vs. 16.1 ± 11.8 divorced; p < 0.05). In contrast, no significant correlation was found with age or BMI. In this study, a more healthy diet was associated with a shorter duration of recovery from COVID-19. However, further studies are needed to thoroughly investigate the relationship between diet and recovery time from COVID-19.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Diet, Healthy / COVID-19 Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijerph18168248

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Diet, Healthy / COVID-19 Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Ijerph18168248