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Predictors of severe hypoxemia among COVID-19 patients in Burkina Faso (West Africa): Findings from hospital based cross-sectional study.
Diendéré, Eric Arnaud; Sondo, Kongnimissom Apoline; Ouédraogo, Abdoul Risgou; Dahourou, Désiré Lucien; Cissé, Kadari; Sawadogo, Abdoulaye; Maiga, Soumaila; Kuiré, Marcel; Zida, Seidou; Kaboré, Pierre R; Minoungou, Christian J W; Habou, Ulrich; Badalo, Habil; Zoungrana, Noelie; Ouédraogo, Arsène G; Belem, Arielle Rita; Zoungrana, Jacques; Poda, Armel; Diallo, Ismael; Kaboré, Flavien; Sanou, Adama; Kouanda, Séni.
  • Diendéré EA; Internal Medicine Department, Bogodogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: ericarno@hotmail.fr.
  • Sondo KA; Infectious Diseases Department, Yalgado Ouédraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: sondoapoline@yahoo.fr.
  • Ouédraogo AR; Medicine Department, Tengandogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: oarisgou@yahoo.fr.
  • Dahourou DL; Department of Biomedical and Public Health, Research Institute of Health Sciences, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: ddahourou@gmail.com.
  • Cissé K; Department of Biomedical and Public Health, Research Institute of Health Sciences, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: cisskad4@gmail.com.
  • Sawadogo A; Infectious Diseases Department, Ouahigouya Teaching Hospital, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: sawadogo.abdoulaye.bf@gmail.com.
  • Maiga S; Pneumology Department, Ouahigouya Teaching Hospital, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: maigas01@yahoo.fr.
  • Kuiré M; Internal Medicine Department, Pissy District Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: mkuire@yahoo.fr.
  • Zida S; Internal Medicine Department, Pissy District Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: zidasei@yahoo.fr.
  • Kaboré PR; Internal Medicine Department, Pissy District Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: peterrkabor@yahoo.fr.
  • Minoungou CJW; Medicine Department, Tengandogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: ouagamjcw@yahoo.fr.
  • Habou U; Internal Medicine Department, Bogodogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: haboubenulrich8@gmail.com.
  • Badalo H; Internal Medicine Department, Bogodogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: habilbadalo@gmail.com.
  • Zoungrana N; Directorate of Medical and Technical Services, Tengandogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: wnoelie@yahoo.fr.
  • Ouédraogo AG; Infectious Diseases Department, Yalgado Ouédraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: gafourouarsene@gmail.com.
  • Belem AR; Infectious Diseases Department, Souro Sanon Teaching Hospital, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: belemarielle@gmail.com.
  • Zoungrana J; Infectious Diseases Department, Souro Sanon Teaching Hospital, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: zojacques@yahoo.fr.
  • Poda A; Infectious Diseases Department, Souro Sanon Teaching Hospital, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: armelpoda@yahoo.fr.
  • Diallo I; Infectious Diseases Department, Yalgado Ouédraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: illah_diallo@hotmail.com.
  • Kaboré F; Anaesthesia and Resuscitation Department, Tengandogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: kflavien72@yahoo.fr.
  • Sanou A; Directorate of Medical and Technical Services, Tengandogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: sanoua14@yahoo.fr.
  • Kouanda S; Department of Biomedical and Public Health, Research Institute of Health Sciences, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Electronic address: senikouanda@gmail.com.
Int J Infect Dis ; 108: 289-295, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1351679
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
2. Hypoxemia PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Hypoxemia
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
3. Health care facility LOCATION_OF Study
Subject
Health care facility
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Study
4. Diabetes PREDISPOSES Hypoxemia
Subject
Diabetes
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Hypoxemia
5. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Population at Risk
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Population at Risk
6. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
7. Hypoxemia PROCESS_OF Patients
Subject
Hypoxemia
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Patients
8. Health care facility LOCATION_OF Study
Subject
Health care facility
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Study
9. Diabetes PREDISPOSES Hypoxemia
Subject
Diabetes
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Hypoxemia
10. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Population at Risk
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Population at Risk
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

COVID-19 is one of the world's major health crises. The objective of this study was to determine the predictive factors of severe hypoxemia in patients hospitalized in COVID-19 health facilities in Burkina Faso. PATIENTS AND

METHOD:

This study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study. The data collected relate to the period of the first wave of the epidemic (March 9 to June 30, 2020). All patients hospitalized for COVID-19 in the requisitioned health facilities of Ouagadougou were included in this study. Predictors of severe hypoxemia were identified using a multivariate logistic regression model.

RESULTS:

During the study period, 442 patients were included, representing 45.7% of the total number of positive patients in the entire country. The most common co-morbidities were diabetes (55; 12.4%) and arterial hypertension (97; 21.9%). Severe hypoxemia (SpO2 < 90%) was observed in 64 patients (14.5%). Age over 65 years (OR = 8.24; 95% CI 2.83-24.01) and diabetes (OR = 2.43; 95% CI 1.17-5.06) were the predictors for occurrence of severe hypoxemia in multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSION:

The predictive factors of COVID-19 are similar in African and Caucasian populations. The surveillance of COVID-19 in risk groups should be strengthened to reduce their morbidity and mortality.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: COVID-19 Subject: COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Int J Infect Dis Clinical aspect: Etiology / Prediction / Prognosis Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: COVID-19 Subject: COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Int J Infect Dis Clinical aspect: Etiology / Prediction / Prognosis Year: 2021
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