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A qualitative study of zoonotic risk factors among rural communities in southern China.
Li, Hong-Ying; Zhu, Guang-Jian; Zhang, Yun-Zhi; Zhang, Li-Biao; Hagan, Emily A; Martinez, Stephanie; Chmura, Aleksei A; Francisco, Leilani; Tai, Hina; Miller, Maureen; Daszak, Peter.
  • Li HY; EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA.
  • Zhu GJ; EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA.
  • Zhang YZ; Institute of Preventive Medicine, Dali University, Dali, 671000, China.
  • Zhang LB; Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, #105 Xingang Road West, Guangzhou, 510260, China.
  • Hagan EA; EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA.
  • Martinez S; EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA.
  • Chmura AA; EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA.
  • Francisco L; Henry M Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Bethesda, MD 20817, USA.
  • Tai H; School of Medicine, St. George's University, Great River, NY 11739, USA.
  • Miller M; Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.
  • Daszak P; EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA.
Int Health ; 12(2): 77-85, 2020 02 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1387916
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. risk factors PROCESS_OF Rural Communities
Subject
risk factors
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Rural Communities
2. Low Level PROCESS_OF Community
Subject
Low Level
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Community
3. Human behavior PROCESS_OF Rural Communities
Subject
Human behavior
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Rural Communities
4. risk factors PROCESS_OF Rural Communities
Subject
risk factors
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Rural Communities
5. Low Level PROCESS_OF Community
Subject
Low Level
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Community
6. Human behavior PROCESS_OF Rural Communities
Subject
Human behavior
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Rural Communities
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Strategies are urgently needed to mitigate the risk of zoonotic disease emergence in southern China, where pathogens with zoonotic potential are known to circulate in wild animal populations. However, the risk factors leading to emergence are poorly understood, which presents a challenge in developing appropriate mitigation strategies for local communities.

METHODS:

Residents in rural communities of Yunnan, Guangxi and Guangdong provinces were recruited and enrolled in this study. Data were collected through ethnographic interviews and field observations, and thematically coded and analysed to identify both risk and protective factors for zoonotic disease emergence at the individual, community and policy levels.

RESULTS:

Eighty-eight ethnographic interviews and 55 field observations were conducted at nine selected sites. Frequent human-animal interactions and low levels of environmental biosecurity in local communities were identified as risks for zoonotic disease emergence. Policies and programmes existing in the communities provide opportunities for zoonotic risk mitigation.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study explored the relationship among zoonotic risk and human behaviour, environment and policies in rural communities in southern China. It identifies key behavioural risk factors that can be targeted for development of tailored risk-mitigation strategies to reduce the threat of novel zoonoses.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Rural Population / Virus Diseases / Zoonoses / Disease Outbreaks / Coronavirus Infections / Communicable Diseases, Emerging / Animals, Wild Type of study: Etiology study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Animals / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Int Health Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Inthealth

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pneumonia, Viral / Rural Population / Virus Diseases / Zoonoses / Disease Outbreaks / Coronavirus Infections / Communicable Diseases, Emerging / Animals, Wild Type of study: Etiology study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Animals / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Int Health Year: 2020 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Inthealth