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Domestic Violence Police Reporting and Resources During the 2020 COVID-19 Stay-at-Home Order in Chicago, Illinois.
Baidoo, Louisa; Zakrison, Tanya L; Feldmeth, Gillian; Lindau, Stacy Tessler; Tung, Elizabeth L.
  • Baidoo L; University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Zakrison TL; Section of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Feldmeth G; NowPow, CareIT Health, LLC.
  • Lindau ST; NowPow, CareIT Health, LLC.
  • Tung EL; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(9): e2122260, 2021 09 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1391521
ABSTRACT
Importance Domestic violence (DV) has become a growing public health concern during the COVID-19 pandemic because individuals may be sheltering in place with abusers and facing mounting economic and health-related stresses.

Objective:

To analyze associations of the 2020 COVID-19 stay-at-home (SH) order with DV police reporting and resource availability, including differences by community area racial/ethnic composition. Design, Setting, and

Participants:

This longitudinal cohort study assessed DV police reports (January-June 2020) obtained from the Chicago, Illinois, Police Department and DV resource availability (March and August 2020) obtained from the NowPow community resource database, both for 77 community areas in Chicago. Data were analyzed July through December 2020. Exposures The COVID-19 SH order effective March 21, 2020. Main Outcomes and

Measures:

Monthly rates of DV police reports and DV resource availability per 100 000 persons.

Results:

Of 77 community areas in Chicago, 28 (36.4%) were majority Black, 19 (24.7%) majority Hispanic/Latinx, 18 (23.4%) majority White, and 12 (15.6%) a different or no majority race/ethnicity, representing an estimated population of 2 718 555 individuals. For each community area, the SH order was associated with a decrease in the rate of DV police reports by 21.8 (95% CI, -30.48 to -13.07) crimes per 100 000 persons per month relative to the same months in 2019. Compared with White majority community areas, Black majority areas had a decrease in the rate of DV police reports by 40.8 (95% CI, -62.93 to -18.75) crimes per 100 000 persons per month relative to the same months in 2019. The SH order was also associated with a decrease in DV resource availability at a rate of 5.1 (95% CI, -7.55 to -2.67) resources per 100 000 persons, with the largest decreases for mental health (-4.3 [95% CI, -5.97 to -2.66] resources per 100 000 persons) and personal safety (-2.4 [95% CI, -4.40 to -0.41] resources per 100 000 persons). The Black majority south side of Chicago had a larger decrease in resource availability (-6.7 [95% CI, -12.92 to -0.46] resources per 100 000 persons) than the White majority north side. Conclusions and Relevance In this longitudinal cohort study, the rate of DV police reports decreased after the SH order was implemented in Chicago. This decrease was largely observed in Black majority communities, whereas there was no significant change in White majority communities. These findings may reflect decreased DV incidence but may also reflect an exacerbation of underreporting. In addition, DV resource availability decreased disproportionately on the predominantly Black south side of Chicago.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Police / Domestic Violence Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: JAMA Netw Open Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Police / Domestic Violence Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: JAMA Netw Open Year: 2021 Document Type: Article