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COVID-19 and mental health of individuals with different personalities.
Proto, Eugenio; Zhang, Anwen.
  • Proto E; Economics Subject, Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, United Kingdom; eugenio.proto@glasgow.ac.uk.
  • Zhang A; Center for Economic Policy Research, London EC1V 0DX, United Kingdom.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(37)2021 09 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1402174
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ABSTRACT
Several studies have been devoted to establishing the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health across gender, age, and ethnicity. However, much less attention has been paid to the differential effect of COVID-19 according to different personalities. We do this using the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS), a large-scale panel survey representative of the UK population. The UKHLS allows us to assess the mental health of the same respondent before and during the COVID-19 period based on their "Big Five" personality traits and cognitive skills. We find that during the COVID-19 period, individuals who have more extravert and open personality traits report a higher mental health deterioration, while those scoring higher in agreeableness are less affected. The effect of openness is particularly strong One more SD predicts up to 0.23 more symptoms of mental health deterioration in the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) test during the COVID-19 period. In particular, for females, cognitive skills and openness are strong predictors of mental health deterioration, while for non-British White respondents, these predictors are extraversion and openness. Neuroticism strongly predicts worse mental health cross-sectionally, but it does not lead to significantly stronger deterioration during the pandemic. The study's results are robust to the inclusion of potential confounding variables such as changes in physical health, household income, and job status (like unemployed or furloughed).
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Personality / Mental Health / Pandemics / COVID-19 / Mental Disorders Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Personality / Mental Health / Pandemics / COVID-19 / Mental Disorders Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article