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Impact of COVID-19 on patient health and self-care practices: a mixed-methods survey with German patients.
Fiske, Amelia; Schneider, Antonius; McLennan, Stuart; Karapetyan, Siranush; Buyx, Alena.
  • Fiske A; Institute of History and Ethics in Medicine, TUM School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany a.fiske@tum.de.
  • Schneider A; Institute of General Practice and Health Services Research, TUM School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
  • McLennan S; Institute of History and Ethics in Medicine, TUM School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
  • Karapetyan S; Institute of General Practice and Health Services Research, TUM School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
  • Buyx A; Institute of History and Ethics in Medicine, TUM School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e051167, 2021 09 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1406661
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to examine German patients' (1) self-estimation of the impact of the pandemic on their health and healthcare; and (2) use of digital self-care practices during the pandemic.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional mixed-methods survey. SETTING AND

PARTICIPANTS:

General practice patients from four physicians' offices located in urban and rural areas of Bavaria, Germany, between 21 July 2020 and 17 October 2020. A total of 254 patients participated (55% response rate); 57% (262 of 459) identified as female and participants had an average age of 39.3 years. Patients were eligible to participate if they were 18 years or older and spoke German, and had access to the internet.

RESULTS:

(1) Healthcare for patients was affected by the pandemic, and the mental health of a small group of respondents was particularly affected. The risk of depression and anxiety disorder was significantly increased in patients with quarantine experience. (2) Self-care practices have increased; more than one-third (39%) of participants indicated that they started a new or additional self-care practice during the pandemic, and about a quarter (23%) of patients who were not previously engaged in self-care practices started new self-care activities for the first time; however, such practices were not necessarily digital.

CONCLUSIONS:

Further investigation is required to understand the relationship between digital self-care and public health events such as the COVID-19 pandemic, and to develop strategies to alleviate the burden of the quarantine experience for patients.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans Language: English Journal: BMJ Open Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Bmjopen-2021-051167

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans Language: English Journal: BMJ Open Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Bmjopen-2021-051167