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Quality of Life, Sleep Quality, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Eating Habits, and Social Bounds in Nurses during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in Qatar (The PROTECTOR Study): A Cross-Sectional, Comparative Study.
Nashwan, Abdulqadir J; Villar, Ralph C; Al-Qudimat, Ahmad R; Kader, Nisha; Alabdulla, Majid; Abujaber, Ahmad A; Al-Jabry, Mahmood M; Harkous, Michel; Philip, Anite; Ali, Raed; Chandra, Prem; Yassin, Mohamed A; Shraim, Mujahed; Singh, Kalpana.
  • Nashwan AJ; Department of Nursing, Hazm Mebaireek General Hospital (HMGH), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Villar RC; Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary in Qatar, Doha 23133, Qatar.
  • Al-Qudimat AR; Department of Nursing, Hazm Mebaireek General Hospital (HMGH), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Kader N; Surgical Research Section, Department of Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Alabdulla M; Mental Health Services (MHS), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Abujaber AA; Mental Health Services (MHS), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Al-Jabry MM; College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar.
  • Harkous M; Department of Nursing, Hazm Mebaireek General Hospital (HMGH), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Philip A; Department of Nursing, Hazm Mebaireek General Hospital (HMGH), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Ali R; Department of Nursing, National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Chandra P; Department of Nursing, National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Yassin MA; Department of Nursing, Heart Hospital (HH), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Shraim M; Medical Research Center, Academic Health System (AHS), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
  • Singh K; National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR), Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha 3050, Qatar.
J Pers Med ; 11(9)2021 Sep 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1410096
ABSTRACT
There have been numerous concerns regarding the physical and mental health of nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Stress, sleep deprivation, anxiety, and depression potentiated nurses' vulnerability to poor eating habits. AIMS AND

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to explore the differences between nurses' characteristics with COVID-19 facility designation, and sleep quality, depression, anxiety, stress, eating habits, social bonds, and quality of life.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional, comparative study.

METHODS:

An online survey was sent using the corporation's email to nurses working in three hospitals in Qatar from September to December 2020. One of them is a designated COVID-19 facility. The sleep quality, depression, eating habits, social bonds, and quality of life were measured using The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21), Emotional Eater Questionnaire (EEQ), Oslo Social Support Scale (OSSS-3), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF), respectively.

RESULTS:

A total of 200 nurses participated in the study (RR 13.3%). No statistically significant association was found between designated facility (COVID-19 vs. not COVID-19) or nurses' characteristics and ISI categories (OR 1.15; 95% CI 0.54, 2.44). Nurses working in COVID-19 facilities had increased odds of having higher EEQ categories by 2.62 times (95% CI 1.18, 5.83). Similarly, no statistically significant associations were found between any of the nurses' characteristics and OSSS-3 categories. On the other hand, no statistically significant associations were found between any of the nurses' characteristics and QOL domains except for the gender and social relationships' domain.

CONCLUSION:

Overall, the quality of life of nurses in Qatar is on a positive level whether they are assigned to a COVID-19 facility or not. Although no significant difference was found with regard to the sleep quality, stress, anxiety, depression, and eating habits between nurses in a COVID-19 facility and in a non-COVID-19 facility, special interventions to diminish stressors need to be implemented and maintained.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jpm11090918

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Jpm11090918