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Single and Combinative Impacts of Healthy Eating Behavior and Physical Activity on COVID-19-like Symptoms among Outpatients: A Multi-Hospital and Health Center Survey.
Nguyen, Minh H; Pham, Thu T M; Vu, Dinh N; Do, Binh N; Nguyen, Hoang C; Duong, Thai H; Pham, Khue M; Pham, Linh V; Nguyen, Thao T P; Tran, Cuong Q; Nguyen, Quyen H; Hoang, Thanh M; Tran, Khanh V; Duong, Trang T; Yang, Shwu-Huey; Bai, Chyi-Huey; Duong, Tuyen Van.
  • Nguyen MH; International Ph.D. Program in Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110-31, Taiwan.
  • Pham TTM; Faculty of Public Health, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong 042-12, Vietnam.
  • Vu DN; School of Public Health, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110-31, Taiwan.
  • Do BN; Director Office, Military Hospital 103, Hanoi 121-08, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen HC; Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi 121-08, Vietnam.
  • Duong TH; Department of Infectious Diseases, Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi 121-08, Vietnam.
  • Pham KM; Division of Military Science, Military Hospital 103, Hanoi 121-08, Vietnam.
  • Pham LV; Director Office, Thai Nguyen National Hospital, Thai Nguyen City 241-24, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen TTP; President Office, Thai Nguyen University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Thai Nguyen City 241-17, Vietnam.
  • Tran CQ; Director Office, Thai Nguyen National Hospital, Thai Nguyen City 241-24, Vietnam.
  • Nguyen QH; Department of Internal Medicine, Thai Nguyen University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Thai Nguyen City 241-17, Vietnam.
  • Hoang TM; Faculty of Public Health, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong 042-12, Vietnam.
  • Tran KV; President Office, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong 042-12, Vietnam.
  • Duong TT; Department of Pulmonary & Cardiovascular Diseases, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Hai Phong 042-12, Vietnam.
  • Yang SH; Director Office, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Hai Phong 042-12, Vietnam.
  • Bai CH; Health Management Training Institute, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Thua Thien Hue 491-20, Vietnam.
  • Duong TV; Director Office, Thu Duc City Health Center, Ho Chi Minh City 713-10, Vietnam.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Sep 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1430931
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Healthy eating and physical activity are effective non-pharmacological approaches to boost immune function and contain the pandemic. We aimed to explore the associations and interactions between physical activity and healthy eating behavior with COVID-19-like symptoms (Slike-CV19S).

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 3947 outpatients, from 14 February to 2 March 2020, at nine health facilities in Vietnam. Data collection included sociodemographic characteristics, healthy eating behavior (using the healthy eating score (HES) questionnaire), physical activity (using the short form international physical activity questionnaire), and Slike-CV19S. The associations and interactions were tested using logistic regression models.

RESULTS:

Frequent intake of fruits (OR = 0.84; p = 0.016), vegetables (OR = 0.72; p = 0.036), and fish (OR = 0.43; p < 0.001) were associated with a lower Slike-CV19S likelihood, as compared with infrequent intake. Patients with higher HES levels (OR = 0.84; p = 0.033 for medium HES; OR = 0.77; p = 0.006 for high HES) or being physically active (OR = 0.69; p < 0.001) had a lower Slike-CV19S likelihood, as compared to those with low HES or physical inactivity, respectively. Patients with medium HES who were physically active (OR = 0.69; p = 0.005), or with high HES and physically active (OR = 0.58; p < 0.001), had a lower Slike-CV19S likelihood, as compared to those with low HES and physical inactivity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Healthy eating behavior and physical activity showed single and combinative impacts on protecting people from Slike-CV19S. Strategic approaches are encouraged to improve healthy behaviors, which may further contribute to containing the pandemic.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Exercise / Health Behavior / Feeding Behavior / Diet, Healthy / COVID-19 Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Diagnostic study / Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Nu13093258

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Exercise / Health Behavior / Feeding Behavior / Diet, Healthy / COVID-19 Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Diagnostic study / Prevalence study / Prognostic study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Nu13093258