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Trends, patterns and psychological influences on COVID-19 vaccination intention: Findings from a large prospective community cohort study in England and Wales (Virus Watch).
Byrne, Thomas; Patel, Parth; Shrotri, Madhumita; Beale, Sarah; Michie, Susan; Butt, Jabeer; Hawkins, Nicky; Hardelid, Pia; Rodger, Alison; Aryee, Anna; Braithwaite, Isobel; Fong, Wing Lam Erica; Fragaszy, Ellen; Geismar, Cyril; Kovar, Jana; Navaratnam, Annalan M D; Nguyen, Vincent; Hayward, Andrew; Aldridge, Robert W.
  • Byrne T; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK. Electronic address: t.byrne@ucl.ac.uk.
  • Patel P; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK. Electronic address: parth.patel@ucl.ac.uk.
  • Shrotri M; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK.
  • Beale S; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK; Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.
  • Michie S; Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.
  • Butt J; Race Equality Foundation, 27 Greenwood Pl, London NW5 1LB, UK.
  • Hawkins N; Independent Consultant, UK.
  • Hardelid P; Department of Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK.
  • Rodger A; Institute for Global Health, University College London, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK; Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, Pond Street, London, NW3 2QG, UK.
  • Aryee A; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK.
  • Braithwaite I; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK.
  • Fong WLE; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK.
  • Fragaszy E; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK; Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK.
  • Geismar C; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK; Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.
  • Kovar J; Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.
  • Navaratnam AMD; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK; Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.
  • Nguyen V; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK; Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.
  • Hayward A; Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.
  • Aldridge RW; Centre for Public Health Data Science, Institute of Health Informatics, University College, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, UK. Electronic address: r.aldridge@ucl.ac.uk.
Vaccine ; 39(48): 7108-7116, 2021 11 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1458555
Preprint
This scientific journal article is probably based on a previously available preprint. It has been identified through a machine matching algorithm, human confirmation is still pending.
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ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Vaccination intention is key to the success of any vaccination programme, alongside vaccine availability and access. Public intention to take a COVID-19 vaccine is high in England and Wales compared to other countries, but vaccination rate disparities between ethnic, social and age groups has led to concern.

METHODS:

Online survey of prospective household community cohort study participants across England and Wales (Virus Watch). Vaccination intention was measured by individual participant responses to 'Would you accept a COVID-19 vaccine if offered?', collected in December 2020 and February 2021. Responses to a 13-item questionnaire collected in January 2021 were analysed using factor analysis to investigate psychological influences on vaccination intention.

RESULTS:

Survey response rate was 56% (20,785/36,998) in December 2020 and 53% (20,590/38,727) in February 2021, with 14,880 adults reporting across both time points. In December 2020, 1,469 (10%) participants responded 'No' or 'Unsure'. Of these people, 1,266 (86%) changed their mind and responded 'Yes' or 'Already had a COVID-19 vaccine' by February 2021. Vaccination intention increased across all ethnic groups and levels of social deprivation. Age was most strongly associated with vaccination intention, with 16-24-year-olds more likely to respond "Unsure" or "No" versus "Yes" than 65-74-year-olds in December 2020 (OR 4.63, 95 %CI 3.42, 6.27 & OR 7.17 95 %CI 4.26, 12.07 respectively) and February 2021 (OR 27.92 95 %CI 13.79, 56.51 & OR 17.16 95 %CI 4.12, 71.55). The association between ethnicity and vaccination intention weakened, but did not disappear, over time. Both vaccine- and illness-related psychological factors were shown to influence vaccination intention.

CONCLUSIONS:

Four in five adults (86%) who were reluctant or intending to refuse a COVID-19 vaccine in December 2020 had changed their mind in February 2021 and planned to accept, or had already accepted, a vaccine.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 Vaccines / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Topics: Vaccines Limits: Adult / Humans Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: Vaccine Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 Vaccines / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Topics: Vaccines Limits: Adult / Humans Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: Vaccine Year: 2021 Document Type: Article