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Clinical characteristics and factors associated with COVID-19-related death and morbidity among hospitalized patients with cancer: a Swedish cohort study.
Ullgren, Helena; Camuto, Angela; Rosas, Sumy; Pahnke, Simon; Ginman, Beatrice; Enblad, Gunilla; Glimelius, Ingrid; Fransson, Per; Friesland, Signe; Liu, Lisa L.
  • Ullgren H; Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
  • Camuto A; Regional Cancer Center, Stockholm-Gotland, Sweden.
  • Rosas S; Theme Cancer, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Pahnke S; Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Ginman B; Theme Cancer, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Enblad G; Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Glimelius I; Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Fransson P; Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Friesland S; Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Liu LL; Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Acta Oncol ; 60(11): 1459-1465, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1467204
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Cancer patients are considered to have a higher risk of dying and developing severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). To date, there are few studies including co-morbidities and sociodemographic factors when investigating the outcome of COVID-19 in a cohort of cancer patients. In this study, we analyzed cancer patients that have been hospitalized due to COVID-19 during the first wave of the pandemic in Sweden to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on mortality and morbidity. PATIENTS AND

METHODS:

We retrospectively collected data on all patients with cancer that were hospitalized due to COVID-19-related symptoms at Uppsala University Hospital and Karolinska University Hospital between 1 March and 31 August 2020. The primary endpoint was COVID-19-related death and the secondary endpoint was to describe COVID-19 severity, defined as symptom severity (grades 0-4) and length of stay (LOS) at the university hospitals.

RESULTS:

In total, 193 patients were included among which 31% died due to COVID-19 and 8% died of other causes. In a multivariable analysis, older age >70 (OR 3.6; 95% CI [1.8-7.3], p < 0.001) and male gender (OR 2.8 [1.4-5.8], p = 0.005) were factors associated with higher likelihood of COVID-19-related death. Several comorbidities ≥2 (OR 5.4 [2.0-14.3], p = 0.001) was independently associated with COVID-19 severity. Treatment with chemotherapy within 90 days prior to COVID-19 diagnosis were not associated with COVID-19-related death or severity.

CONCLUSION:

Factors associated with higher likelihood of COVID-19-related death were older age and male gender. More severe COVID-19 symptoms were seen in patients with multiple comorbidities. We did not see any associations between COVID-19-related death or severity and recent treatment including chemotherapy. In summary, this supports a thorough assessment regarding potential risks with COVID-19 infection in patients with cancer, with a combination of individual risk factors in addition to cancer treatments.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: COVID-19 / Neoplasms Subject: COVID-19 / Neoplasms Type of study: Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Acta Oncol Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: COVID-19 / Neoplasms Subject: COVID-19 / Neoplasms Type of study: Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Acta Oncol Clinical aspect: Etiology Year: 2021
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