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The prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep disturbance in higher education students during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Deng, Jiawen; Zhou, Fangwen; Hou, Wenteng; Silver, Zachary; Wong, Chi Yi; Chang, Oswin; Drakos, Anastasia; Zuo, Qi Kang; Huang, Emma.
  • Deng J; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada. Electronic address: dengj35@mcmaster.ca.
  • Zhou F; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada.
  • Hou W; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada.
  • Silver Z; Faculty of Science, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Dr, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada.
  • Wong CY; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada.
  • Chang O; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada.
  • Drakos A; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada.
  • Zuo QK; Department of Anesthesiology, Rutgers, New Jersey Medical School, 185 S Orange Ave, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA.
  • Huang E; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada.
Psychiatry Res ; 301: 113863, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1474998
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Sleep disturbances PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Sleep disturbances
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
2. Depressive Symptoms PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
3. Anxiety symptoms PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
4. Sleep disturbances COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Sleep disturbances
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
5. Depressive Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
6. Anxiety symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
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COVID-19
7. Sleep disturbances PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Sleep disturbances
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
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student
8. Depressive Symptoms PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
student
9. Anxiety symptoms PROCESS_OF student
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
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student
10. Sleep disturbances COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Sleep disturbances
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
11. Depressive Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
12. Anxiety symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
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COEXISTS_WITH
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COVID-19
ABSTRACT
The COVID-19 pandemic and its accompanying infection control measures introduced significant disruptions to the routines of many higher education students around the world. It also deprived them of in-person counselling services and social support. These changes have put students at a greater risk of developing mental illness. The objective of this review is to assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep disturbances in higher education students during the pandemic. A systematic search of English and Chinese databases was conducted current to January 1st, 2021. The quality of included studies was evaluated using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep disturbances were pooled using random-effects meta-analysis. Eighty-nine studies (n=1,441,828) were included. The pooled prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and sleep disturbances was 34%, 32% and 33%, respectively. The prevalence values differ based on geographical regions, diagnostic criteria, education level, undergraduate year of study, financial situation, living arrangements and gender. Overall, the prevalence of depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms synthesized in this study was higher compared to pre-pandemic prevalence in similar populations. Evidently, mental health screening and intervention should be a top priority for universities and colleges during the pandemic.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Anxiety / Sleep Wake Disorders / Students / Depression / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prevalence study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Psychiatry Res Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Anxiety / Sleep Wake Disorders / Students / Depression / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prevalence study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Psychiatry Res Year: 2021 Document Type: Article