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The prognostic value of the SOFA score in patients with COVID-19: A retrospective, observational study.
Yang, Zheng; Hu, Qinming; Huang, Fei; Xiong, Shouxin; Sun, Yi.
  • Yang Z; Department of Infectious Disease, Jingzhou Hospital, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, China.
  • Hu Q; Department of Infectious Disease, Jingzhou Hospital, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, China.
  • Huang F; Department of Infectious Disease, Jingzhou Hospital, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, China.
  • Xiong S; Medical Department, Jingzhou Hospital, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, China.
  • Sun Y; Department of Dermatology, Jingzhou Hospital, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, China.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26900, 2021 Aug 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1475915
ABSTRACT
ABSTRACT Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can lead to serious illness and death, and thus, it is particularly important to predict the severity and prognosis of COVID-19. The Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score has been used to predict the clinical outcomes of patients with multiple organ failure requiring intensive care. Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, risk factors, and relationship between the SOFA score and the prognosis of COVID-19 patients.We retrospectively included all patients ≥18 years old who were diagnosed with COVID-19 in the laboratory continuously admitted to Jingzhou Central Hospital from January 16, 2020 to March 23, 2020. The demographic, clinical manifestations, complications, laboratory results, and clinical outcomes of patients infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 were collected and analyzed. Clinical variables were compared between patients with mild and severe COVID-19. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for severe COVID-19. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze risk factors for hospital-related death. Survival analysis was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method, and survival differences were assessed by the log-rank test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of the SOFA score in different situations were drawn, and the area under the ROC curve was calculated.A total of 117 patients with confirmed diagnoses of COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed, of which 108 patients were discharged and 9 patients died. The median age of the patients was 50.0 years old (interquartile range [IQR], 35.5-62.0). 63 patients had comorbidities, of which hypertension (27.4%) was the most frequent comorbidities, followed by diabetes (8.5%), stroke (4.3%), coronary heart disease (3.4%), and chronic liver disease (3.4%). The most common symptoms upon admission were fever (82.9%) and dry cough (70.1%). Regression analysis showed that high SOFA scores, advanced age, and hypertension were associated with severe COVID-19. The median SOFA score of all patients was 2 (IQR, 1-3). Patients with severe COVID-19 exhibited a significantly higher SOFA score than patients with mild COVID-19 (3 [IQR, 2-4] vs 1 [IQR, 0-1]; P  < .001). The SOFA score can better identify severe COVID-19, with an odds ratio of 5.851 (95% CI 3.044-11.245; P < .001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the SOFA score in predicting severe COVID-19 (cutoff value = 2; AUC = 0.908 [95% CI 0.857-0.960]; sensitivity 85.20%; specificity 80.40%) and the risk of death in COVID-19 patients (cutoff value = 5; AUC = 0.995 [95% CI 0.985-1.000]; sensitivity 100.00%; specificity 95.40%). Regarding the 60-day mortality rates of patients in the 2 groups classified by the optimal cutoff value of the SOFA score (5), patients in the high SOFA score group (SOFA score ≥5) had a significantly greater risk of death than those in the low SOFA score group (SOFA score < 5).The SOFA score could be used to evaluate the severity and 60-day mortality of COVID-19. The SOFA score may be an independent risk factor for in-hospital death.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: Organ Dysfunction Scores / COVID-19 Subject: Organ Dysfunction Scores / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Medicine (Baltimore) Clinical aspect: Diagnosis / Etiology / Prediction / Prognosis Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Main subject: Organ Dysfunction Scores / COVID-19 Subject: Organ Dysfunction Scores / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Medicine (Baltimore) Clinical aspect: Diagnosis / Etiology / Prediction / Prognosis Year: 2021
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