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Emerging MXene-Polymer Hybrid Nanocomposites for High-Performance Ammonia Sensing and Monitoring.
Chaudhary, Vishal; Gautam, Akash; Mishra, Yogendra K; Kaushik, Ajeet.
  • Chaudhary V; Research Cell and Department of Physics, Bhagini Nivedita College, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110045, India.
  • Gautam A; Centre for Neural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046, India.
  • Mishra YK; Mads Clausen Institute, NanoSYD, University of Southern Denmark, Alsion 2, 6400 Sønderborg, Denmark.
  • Kaushik A; NanoBioTech Laboratory, Health System Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Florida Polytechnic University, Lakeland, FL 33805, USA.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1480888
ABSTRACT
Ammonia (NH3) is a vital compound in diversified fields, including agriculture, automotive, chemical, food processing, hydrogen production and storage, and biomedical applications. Its extensive industrial use and emission have emerged hazardous to the ecosystem and have raised global public health concerns for monitoring NH3 emissions and implementing proper safety strategies. These facts created emergent demand for translational and sustainable approaches to design efficient, affordable, and high-performance compact NH3 sensors. Commercially available NH3 sensors possess three major bottlenecks poor selectivity, low concentration detection, and room-temperature operation. State-of-the-art NH3 sensors are scaling up using advanced nano-systems possessing rapid, selective, efficient, and enhanced detection to overcome these challenges. MXene-polymer nanocomposites (MXP-NCs) are emerging as advanced nanomaterials of choice for NH3 sensing owing to their affordability, excellent conductivity, mechanical flexibility, scalable production, rich surface functionalities, and tunable morphology. The MXP-NCs have demonstrated high performance to develop next-generation intelligent NH3 sensors in agricultural, industrial, and biomedical applications. However, their excellent NH3-sensing features are not articulated in the form of a review. This comprehensive review summarizes state-of-the-art MXP-NCs fabrication techniques, optimization of desired properties, enhanced sensing characteristics, and applications to detect airborne NH3. Furthermore, an overview of challenges, possible solutions, and prospects associated with MXP-NCs is discussed.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Language: English Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Language: English Year: 2021
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