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COVID-19: risk factors for severe cases of the Delta variant.
Hu, Kaiyuan; Lin, Liu; Liang, Ying; Shao, Xinning; Hu, Zhongwei; Luo, Hongbin; Lei, Ming.
  • Hu K; Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
  • Lin L; Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
  • Liang Y; Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
  • Shao X; Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
  • Hu Z; Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
  • Luo H; Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
  • Lei M; Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(20): 23459-23470, 2021 10 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1498163
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Since April 2021, the SARS-CoV-2 (B.1.167) Delta variant has been rampant worldwide. Recently, this variant has spread in Guangzhou, China. Our objective was to characterize the clinical features and risk factors of severe cases of the Delta variant in Guangzhou.

METHODS:

A total of 144 patients with the Delta variant were enrolled, and the data between the severe and non-severe groups were compared. Logistic regression methods and Cox multivariate regression analysis were used to investigate the risk factors of severe cases.

RESULTS:

The severity of the Delta variant was 11.1%. Each 1-year increase in age (OR, 1.089; 95% CI, 1.035-1.147; P = 0.001) and each 1-µmol/L increase in total bilirubin (OR, 1.198; 95% CI, 1.021-1.406; P = 0.039) were risk factors for severe cases. Moreover, the risk of progression to severe cases increased 13.444-fold and 3.922-fold when the age was greater than 58.5 years (HR, 13.444; 95% CI, 2.989-60.480; P = 0.001) or the total bilirubin level was greater than 7.23 µmol/L (HR, 3.922; 95% CI, 1.260-12.207; P = 0.018), respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Older age and elevated total bilirubin were independent risk factors for severe cases of the Delta variant in Guangzhou, especially if the age was greater than 58.5 years or the total bilirubin level was greater than 7.23 µmol/L.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Aging (Albany NY) Journal subject: Geriatrics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Aging.203655

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Etiology study / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: Aging (Albany NY) Journal subject: Geriatrics Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Aging.203655