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Alcohol use among young Australian adults in May-June 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective cohort study.
Clare, Philip J; Aiken, Alexandra; Yuen, Wing See; Upton, Emily; Kypri, Kypros; Degenhardt, Louisa; Bruno, Raimondo; McCambridge, Jim; McBride, Nyanda; Hutchinson, Delyse; Slade, Tim; Mattick, Richard; Peacock, Amy.
  • Clare PJ; Prevention Research Collaboration, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.
  • Aiken A; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Yuen WS; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Upton E; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Kypri K; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Degenhardt L; School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.
  • Bruno R; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • McCambridge J; School of Psychological Sciences, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.
  • McBride N; Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.
  • Hutchinson D; National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
  • Slade T; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Mattick R; Centre for Social and Early Emotional Development, Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
  • Peacock A; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
Addiction ; 116(12): 3398-3407, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1503763
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Alcohol consumption PROCESS_OF Young Adult
Subject
Alcohol consumption
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Young Adult
2. contextual factors PROCESS_OF Cohort
Subject
contextual factors
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Cohort
3. Alcohol consumption PROCESS_OF Young Adult
Subject
Alcohol consumption
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Young Adult
4. contextual factors PROCESS_OF Cohort
Subject
contextual factors
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Cohort
ABSTRACT

AIMS:

To estimate change in young people's alcohol consumption during COVID-19 restrictions in Australia in early-mid 2020, and test whether those changes were consistent by gender and level of consumption prior to the pandemic.

DESIGN:

Prospective longitudinal cohort.

SETTING:

Secondary schools in New South Wales, Tasmania and Western Australia.

PARTICIPANTS:

Subsample of a cohort (n = 443) recruited in the first year of secondary school in 2010-11. Analysis data included three waves collected in September 2017-July 2018, September 2018-May 2019 and August 2019-January 2020), and in May-June 2020. MEASUREMENTS The primary predictors were time, gender and level of consumption prior to the pandemic. Outcome variables, analysed by mixed-effects models, included frequency and typical quantity of alcohol consumption, binge drinking, peak consumption, alcohol-related harm and drinking contexts.

FINDINGS:

Overall consumption (frequency × quantity) during the restrictions declined by 17% [incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.73, 0.95] compared to February 2020, and there was a 35% decline in the rate of alcohol-related harms in the same period (IRR = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.54, 0.79). Changes in alcohol consumption were largely consistent by gender.

CONCLUSIONS:

From a survey of secondary school students in Australia, there is evidence for a reduction in overall consumption and related harms during the COVID-19 restrictions.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Humans Country/Region as subject: Oceania Language: English Journal: Addiction Journal subject: Substance-Related Disorders Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Add.15599

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Pandemics / COVID-19 Type of study: Etiology study / Incidence study / Observational study / Prognostic study / Risk factors Limits: Adolescent / Adult / Humans Country/Region as subject: Oceania Language: English Journal: Addiction Journal subject: Substance-Related Disorders Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Add.15599