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Effect of Oral Health Education Using a Mobile App (OHEMA) on the Oral Health and Swallowing-Related Quality of Life in Community-Based Integrated Care of the Elderly: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
Ki, Ji-Yun; Jo, Se-Rim; Cho, Kyung-Sook; Park, Jung-Eun; Cho, Ja-Won; Jang, Jong-Hwa.
  • Ki JY; Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Dankook University, Cheonan-si 31116, Korea.
  • Jo SR; Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Dankook University, Cheonan-si 31116, Korea.
  • Cho KS; Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Dankook University, Cheonan-si 31116, Korea.
  • Park JE; Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Dankook University, Cheonan-si 31116, Korea.
  • Cho JW; Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan-si 31116, Korea.
  • Jang JH; Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Dankook University, Cheonan-si 31116, Korea.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(21)2021 11 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1512311
ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of oral health education using a mobile app (OHEMA) on the oral health and swallowing-related quality of life (SWAL-QoL) of the elderly population in a community-based integrated care project (CICP). Forty elderly individuals in the CICP were randomized into intervention and control groups. OHEMA provided information on customized oral health care management, oral exercises, and intraoral and extraoral massage methods for 50 min/session, once a week, for 6 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention surveys assessed the unstimulated salivary flow rate, subjective oral dryness, tongue pressure, and SWAL-QoL, which were analyzed using ANCOVA and repeated measures ANOVA. In the intervention group, tongue pressure increased significantly from pre- (17.75) to post-intervention (27.24) (p < 0.001), and subjective oral dryness decreased from pre- (30.75) to post-intervention (18.50). The unstimulated salivary flow rate had a higher mean score in the intervention group (7.19) than in the control group (5.04) (p < 0.001). The SWAL-QoL significantly improved from pre- (152.10) to post-intervention (171.50) in the intervention group (p < 0.001) but did not change significantly in the control group (p > 0.05). OHEMA appears to be a useful tool for oral health education for the elderly as it improved the SWAL-QoL, with increased tongue pressure and reduced oral dryness.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / Mobile Applications Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Aged / Humans Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / Mobile Applications Type of study: Controlled clinical trial / Observational study / Randomized controlled trials Limits: Aged / Humans Language: English Year: 2021 Document Type: Article