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Increased SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in healthy blood donors after the second pandemic wave in South-Eastern Italy: evidence for asymptomatic young donors as potential virus spreaders.
Antonucci, Francescopaolo; Fiore, Josè Ramòn; De Feo, Lucia; Granato, Tommaso; Di Stefano, Mariantonietta; Faleo, Giuseppina; Farhan, Ahmed Mohamed; Margaglione, Maurizio; Centra, Michele; Santantonio, Teresa Antonia.
  • Antonucci F; Transfusion Medicine Centre, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • Fiore JR; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • De Feo L; Transfusion Medicine Centre, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • Granato T; Transfusion Medicine Centre, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • Di Stefano M; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • Faleo G; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • Farhan AM; Department of General Courses, College of Applied Studies and Community Service, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
  • Margaglione M; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Genetics, School of Medicine, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • Centra M; Transfusion Medicine Centre, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
  • Santantonio TA; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti" Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
Infect Dis (Lond) ; : 1-6, 2021 Nov 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1517764
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Italy experienced SARS-CoV-2 spread during the second wave and the southern regions were severely affected. In this prospective study, we assessed the changes in SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence rates in non-vaccinated blood donors to evaluate the spread of SARS-CoV-2 among healthy individuals in our geographical area.

METHODS:

8,183 healthy blood donors visiting the Transfusion Centre at the University Hospital "Riuniti" of Foggia (Italy) to donate blood from May 2020 to March 2021 were tested twice for anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies by Ortho Clinical Diagnostics VITROS® 3600 through anti-SARS-CoV-2 Total and IgG reagent kit. None of the subjects had diagnosed symptomatic COVID-19 infection, and none had received vaccination.

RESULTS:

Overall, 516 out of 8,183 had antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 (total and IgG antibodies) (6.3%, 95% CI 0.03-0.15%), 387 were male and 129 female. There was a significant increase of seropositive donors from May 2020 to March 2021 (p < .001). The difference in seroprevalence was significantly associated with age but not sex (2-sided p < .05 for age; 2-sided p ≥ .05 for sex) in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study showed a significant increase in SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in blood donors and suggests that asymptomatic individuals might contribute to the spread of SARS-CoV-2. These results may contribute to revised containment measures, priorities in vaccine campaigns and monitoring of seroprevalence in public places like Transfusion Centres. Serologic testing of blood donors may be relevant to monitor SARS-CoV-2 circulation in the general population.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Observational study / Evidence synthesis / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Infect Dis (Lond) Year: 2021

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Document Type: Article Type of study: Observational study / Evidence synthesis / Risk factors Language: English Journal: Infect Dis (Lond) Year: 2021
...