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Relationship of the pulmonary disease severity scoring with thromboembolic complications in COVID-19.
Elmokadem, Ali H; Bayoumi, Dalia; El-Morsy, Ahmed; Ehab, Ahmed; Abo-Hedibah, Sherif A.
  • Elmokadem AH; Department of Radiology, Mansoura University, Elgomhoria St., Mansoura, 35516, Egypt. mokadem83@yahoo.com.
  • Bayoumi D; Department of Radiology, Farwaniya Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait. mokadem83@yahoo.com.
  • El-Morsy A; Department of Radiology, Mansoura University, Elgomhoria St., Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.
  • Ehab A; Department of Radiology, Mansoura University, Elgomhoria St., Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.
  • Abo-Hedibah SA; Pulmonary Medicine Department, Mansoura University, Elgomhoria St., Mansoura, Egypt.
Emerg Radiol ; 29(1): 9-21, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525544
ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:

To correlate thromboembolic (TE) complications secondary to COVID-19 with the extent of the pulmonary parenchymal disease using CT severity scores and other comorbidities.

METHODS:

In total, 185 patients with COVID-19 and suspected thromboembolic complications were classified into two groups based on the presence or absence of thromboembolic complications. Thromboembolic complications were categorized based on location. Chest CT severity scoring system was used to assess the pulmonary parenchymal disease severity in all patients. Based into severity scores, patients were categorized into three groups (mild, moderate, and sever disease).

RESULTS:

The final study cohort consisted of 171 patients (99 male and 72 female) after excluding 14 patients with non-diagnostic CT pulmonary angiography. The TE group included 53 patients with a mean age of 55.1 ± 7.1, while the non-TE group included 118 patients with a mean age of 52.9 ± 10.8. Patients with BMI > 30 kg/m2 or having a history of smoking and HTN were found more frequently in the TE group (p < 0.05). Patients admitted to ICU were significantly higher in the TE group (p < 0.001). There was statistically significant difference (p = 0.002) in chest CT-SS between the TE group (22.8 ± 11.4) and non-TE group (17.6 ± 10.7). The percentage of severe parenchymal disease in the TE group was significantly higher compared to the non-TE group (p < 0.05). Severe parenchymal disease, BMI > 30 kg/m2, smoking, and HTN had a higher and more significant odds ratio for developing TE complications.

CONCLUSION:

The present data suggest that severe pulmonary parenchymal disease secondary to COVID-19 is associated with a higher incidence of thromboembolic complications.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 / Lung Diseases Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Language: English Journal: Emerg Radiol Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S10140-021-01998-z

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 / Lung Diseases Type of study: Observational study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Female / Humans / Male / Middle aged Language: English Journal: Emerg Radiol Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: S10140-021-01998-z