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Prevalence of anxiety symptom and depressive symptom among college students during COVID-19 pandemic: A meta-analysis.
Chang, Jun-Jie; Ji, Yan; Li, Yong-Han; Pan, Hai-Feng; Su, Pu-Yu.
  • Chang JJ; Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, No.81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China.
  • Ji Y; Department of Public Health, Anhui Medical College, No.632 Furong Road, Hefei 230601, Anhui, China.
  • Li YH; Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, No.81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China.
  • Pan HF; Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China.
  • Su PY; Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, No.81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China; Key Laboratory of Population Health Across Life Cycle (Anhui Medical University), Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, No 81 Mei
J Affect Disord ; 292: 242-254, 2021 09 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525832
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Depressive Symptoms PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
2. Anxiety symptoms PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
3. Depressive Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
4. Anxiety symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
5. Anxiety PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
6. Depressive disorder PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
7. Depressive Symptoms PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
8. Anxiety symptoms PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
9. Depressive Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
10. Anxiety symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Anxiety symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
11. Anxiety PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
12. Depressive disorder PROCESS_OF College student
Subject
Depressive disorder
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
College student
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

The global pandemic of COVID-19 has brought huge changes to people's lifestyles, college students have also been affected seriously. Evidence about these significant changes indicated that college students were more prone to feel anxious and depressed. To derive a precise assessment of the prevalence of anxiety symptom and depressive symptom among college students worldwide, we conducted this meta-analysis.

METHODS:

Based on the guidance of PRISMA, literature was searched in Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase, and PsycArticles (last search November 6, 2020). These articles after the screening were analyzed by a random-effects model to estimate the pooled prevalence of anxiety symptom and depressive symptom. Also, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, and publication bias were performed in this meta-analysis.

RESULTS:

The results showed that the pooled anxiety symptom prevalence was 31% (95% CI 23-39%), pooled depressive symptom prevalence was 34% (95% CI 27-41%). Subgroup analysis showed that the prevalence of anxiety symptom and depressive symptom among different countries' college students were different, and the pooled depressive symptom prevalence of females was higher compared with males.

LIMITATIONS:

The prevalence of anxiety symptom and depressive symptom in worldwide college students could be better assessed by a standard and reliable questionnaire.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that the prevalence of anxiety symptom and depressive symptom during the COVID-19 pandemic is relatively high. Except for interventions that should be taken to control the pandemic urgently, mental health services are also needed to decrease the risk of anxiety and depression among college students.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Anxiety / Depression / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prevalence study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: J Affect Disord Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.jad.2021.05.109

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Anxiety / Depression / COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Prevalence study / Qualitative research / Randomized controlled trials / Reviews / Risk factors / Systematic review Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: J Affect Disord Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.jad.2021.05.109