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Survey of prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among 1124 healthcare workers during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic across India.
Gupta, Simmi; Prasad, Ajay Shankar; Dixit, Prashant Kumar; Padmakumari, P; Gupta, Salil; Abhisheka, Kumar.
  • Gupta S; Phd Scholar (Psychology), CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, India.
  • Prasad AS; Senior Advisor (Medicine & Gastroenterology), Command Hospital (Air Force), Bangalore, India.
  • Dixit PK; Graded Specialist (Medicine), Command Hospital (Air Force), Bangalore, India.
  • Padmakumari P; Associate Professor (Psychology), CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, India.
  • Gupta S; Consultant (Medicine & Neurology), Command Hospital (Air Force), Bangalore, India.
  • Abhisheka K; Classified Specialist (Medicine & Endocrinilogy), Command Hospital (Air Force), Bangalore, India.
Med J Armed Forces India ; 77: S404-S412, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525883
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Anxiety PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
2. Depressive Symptoms PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
3. Anxiety COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
4. Depressive Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
5. Unmarried PREDISPOSES Anxiety
Subject
Unmarried
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Anxiety
6. Primary care hospital LOCATION_OF Work
Subject
Primary care hospital
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Work
7. Anxiety PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
8. Depressive Symptoms PROCESS_OF Health Personnel
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Health Personnel
9. Anxiety COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Anxiety
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
10. Depressive Symptoms COEXISTS_WITH COVID-19
Subject
Depressive Symptoms
Predicate
COEXISTS_WITH
Object
COVID-19
11. Unmarried PREDISPOSES Anxiety
Subject
Unmarried
Predicate
PREDISPOSES
Object
Anxiety
12. Primary care hospital LOCATION_OF Work
Subject
Primary care hospital
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
Work
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

A prospective study was conducted during the second phase of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in India to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among healthcare workers (HCWs) and factors that influence the outcome.

METHODS:

A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 1124 HCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic (March 30, 2020, to April 2, 2020). Demographic data, questions on COVID-19 and scores of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were analysed using the chi-square test (Bonferroni correction) and binary logistic regression.

RESULTS:

The study consists of 1124 HCWs, including 749 doctors, 207 nurses, 135 paramedics, 23 administrators and ten supporting staff members. The prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms were reported as 37.2% and 31.4%, respectively. The risk factors for anxiety were female gender (30.6% vs 45.5%), age group (20-35 years) (50.4% vs 61.2%), unmarried (21.2% vs 30.6%) and job profile (nurse) (14.7% vs 26.4%). The protective factor was having service of more than 20 years (23.4% vs 14.8%). The risk factors for depression were age group (20-35 years) (51.3% vs 61.3%) and employed at a primary care hospital (16.2% vs 23.4%). The protective factors were job profile (doctor) (69.9% vs 59.6%) and having service of more than 20 years (22.3% vs 15.5%).

CONCLUSION:

Approximately one-third of the HCWs reported anxiety and depressive symptoms. The risk factors for anxiety symptoms were female gender, younger age and job profile (nurse) and for depressive symptoms were younger age and working at a primary care hospital. Future research studies should identify strategies for providing a safer and supportive work environment for HCWs to face epidemics/pandemics.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Cohort study / Etiology study / Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Med J Armed Forces India Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.mjafi.2020.07.006

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Type of study: Cohort study / Etiology study / Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Med J Armed Forces India Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.mjafi.2020.07.006