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The Impact of the COVID-19 Epidemic on Older Adults in Rural and Urban Areas in Mexico.
Rivera-Hernandez, Maricruz; Ferdows, Nasim B; Kumar, Amit.
  • Rivera-Hernandez M; Department of Health Services, Policy & Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
  • Ferdows NB; Center for Gerontology and Healthcare Research, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
  • Kumar A; Department of Health Administration and Policy, Hudson College of Public Health, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, USA.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci ; 76(7): e268-e274, 2021 08 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526159
Semantic information from SemMedBD (by NLM)
1. Elderly (population group) LOCATION_OF IMPACT gene
Subject
Elderly (population group)
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
IMPACT gene
2. COVID-19 AFFECTS Rural Communities
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Rural Communities
3. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
4. Elderly (population group) LOCATION_OF IMPACT gene
Subject
Elderly (population group)
Predicate
LOCATION_OF
Object
IMPACT gene
5. COVID-19 AFFECTS Rural Communities
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
AFFECTS
Object
Rural Communities
6. COVID-19 PROCESS_OF Persons
Subject
COVID-19
Predicate
PROCESS_OF
Object
Persons
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

Mexico is among the countries in Latin America hit hardest by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A large proportion of older adults in Mexico have high prevalence of multimorbidity and live in poverty with limited access to health care services. These statistics are even higher among adults living in rural areas, which suggest that older adults in rural communities may be more susceptible to COVID-19. The objectives of the article were to compare clinical and demographic characteristics for people diagnosed with COVID-19 by age group, and to describe cases and mortality in rural and urban communities.

METHOD:

We linked publicly available data from the Mexican Ministry of Health and the Census. Municipalities were classified based on population as rural (<2,500), semirural (≥2,500 and <15,000), semiurban (≥15,000 and <100,000), and urban (≥100,000). Zero-inflated negative binomial models were performed to calculate the total number of COVID-19 cases, and deaths per 1,000,000 persons using the population of each municipality as a denominator.

RESULTS:

Older adults were more likely to be hospitalized and reported severe cases, with higher mortality rates. In addition, rural municipalities reported a higher number of COVID-19 cases and mortality related to COVID-19 per million than urban municipalities. The adjusted absolute difference in COVID-19 cases was 912.7 per million (95% confidence interval [CI] 79.0-1746.4) and mortality related to COVID-19 was 390.6 per million (95% CI 204.5-576.7).

DISCUSSION:

Urgent policy efforts are needed to mandate the use of face masks, encourage handwashing, and improve specialty care for Mexicans in rural areas.
Subject(s)
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Poverty / Rural Population / Urban Population / Health Status Disparities / COVID-19 / Health Services Accessibility Type of study: Prognostic study / Risk factors Limits: Aged / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Mexico Language: English Journal: J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci Journal subject: Social Sciences / Geriatrics / Psychology Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Geronb

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Poverty / Rural Population / Urban Population / Health Status Disparities / COVID-19 / Health Services Accessibility Type of study: Prognostic study / Risk factors Limits: Aged / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: Mexico Language: English Journal: J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci Journal subject: Social Sciences / Geriatrics / Psychology Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: Geronb