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Sepsis Among Medicare Beneficiaries: 4. Precoronavirus Disease 2019 Update January 2012-February 2020.
Frank, Charles E; Buchman, Timothy G; Simpson, Steven Q; Sciarretta, Kimberly L; Plopper, George E; Finne, Kristen P; Sowers, Nicole; Collier, Michael; Chavan, Saurabh; Lin, Cheng; Oke, Ibijoke; Rhodes, Kiersten E; Santhosh, Aathira; Chu, Steve; MaCurdy, Thomas E; Patel, Sandeep A; Disbrow, Gary L; Kelman, Jeffrey A.
  • Frank CE; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Washington, DC.
  • Buchman TG; Emory Critical Care Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
  • Simpson SQ; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Washington, DC.
  • Sciarretta KL; Emory Critical Care Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
  • Plopper GE; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Washington, DC.
  • Finne KP; Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Kansas, Kansas City, KS.
  • Sowers N; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Washington, DC.
  • Collier M; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Washington, DC.
  • Chavan S; Booz Allen Hamilton, McLean, VA.
  • Lin C; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Washington, DC.
  • Oke I; Acumen, LLC, Burlingame, CA.
  • Rhodes KE; Acumen, LLC, Burlingame, CA.
  • Santhosh A; Acumen, LLC, Burlingame, CA.
  • Chu S; Acumen, LLC, Burlingame, CA.
  • MaCurdy TE; Acumen, LLC, Burlingame, CA.
  • Patel SA; Acumen, LLC, Burlingame, CA.
  • Disbrow GL; Acumen, LLC, Burlingame, CA.
  • Kelman JA; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Baltimore, MD.
Crit Care Med ; 49(12): 2058-2069, 2021 12 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1528201
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

To provide updated information on the burdens of sepsis during acute inpatient admissions for Medicare beneficiaries.

DESIGN:

Analysis of paid Medicare claims via the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services DataLink Project.

SETTING:

All U.S. acute-care hospitals, excluding federally operated hospitals (Veterans Administration and Defense Health Agency). PATIENTS All Medicare beneficiaries, January 2012-February 2020, with an explicit sepsis diagnostic code assigned during an inpatient admission.

INTERVENTIONS:

None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN

RESULTS:

The count of Medicare Part A/B (fee-for-service) plus Medicare Advantage inpatient sepsis admissions rose from 981,027 (CY2012) to 1,700,433 (CY 2019). The proportion of total admissions with sepsis in the Medicare Advantage population rose from 21.43% to 35.39%, reflecting the increasing beneficiary proportion enrolled in Medicare Advantage. In CY2019, 6-month mortality rates in Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries for sepsis continued to decline, but remained high 59.9% for septic shock, 35.5% for severe sepsis, 30.8% for sepsis attributed to a specific organism, and 26.5% for unspecified sepsis. Total fee-for-service-only inpatient hospital costs rose from $17.79B (CY2012) to $22.98B (CY2019). We estimated that the aggregate cost of sepsis hospital care for the entire U.S. population was at least $57.47B in 2019. Inclusion of 14 months' (January 2019-February 2020) newer data exposed new trends the cost per patient, number of admissions, and fraction of patients with sepsis labeled as present on admission inflected around November 2015, coincident with the change to International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition, and introduction of the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Management Bundle (SEP-1) metric.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sepsis among Medicare beneficiaries precoronavirus disease 2019 imposed immense burdens upon patients, their families, and the taxpayers.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Patient Acceptance of Health Care / Medicare / Sepsis Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: Crit Care Med Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: Patient Acceptance of Health Care / Medicare / Sepsis Limits: Humans Country/Region as subject: North America Language: English Journal: Crit Care Med Year: 2021 Document Type: Article