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Complicaciones de la obesidad en niños y adolescentes durante la pandemia de COVID-19: Una revisión narrativa / Complicaciones de la obesidad en niños y adolescentes durante la pandemia de COVID-19: Una revisión narrativa
Concepción-Zavaleta, Marcio; Ramos-Yataco, Anthony; Alcalde-Loyola, Carlos; Moreno-Marreros, Diego; Coronado-Arroyo, Julia; Ildefonso-Najarro, Sofia; Quispe-Flores, Maria; Plasencia-Dueñas, Esteban; Concepción-Urteaga, Luis; Zavaleta-Gutiérrez, Francisca; Fernández-Dávila, Freddy Valdivia.
  • Concepción-Zavaleta, Marcio; Division of Endocrinology. Clínica Stella Maris. Endocrinologis. Trujillo. PE
  • Ramos-Yataco, Anthony; Division of Internal Medicine. Hospital Ricardo Cruzado Rivarola, Nasca, Peru. General Physician. Nasca. PE
  • Alcalde-Loyola, Carlos; School of Medicine. Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru. General Physician. Trujillo. PE
  • Moreno-Marreros, Diego; School of Medicine. Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru. General Physician. Trujillo. PE
  • Coronado-Arroyo, Julia; Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Clínica Vesalio. Gynecologist. Lima. PE
  • Ildefonso-Najarro, Sofia; Division of Endocrinology. Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen. Endocrinologist. Lima. PE
  • Quispe-Flores, Maria; Division of Endocrinology. Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen. Endocrinologist. Lima. PE
  • Plasencia-Dueñas, Esteban; Division of Endocrinology. Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen. Endocrinologist. Lima. PE
  • Concepción-Urteaga, Luis; Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru. PhD in Medicine. Trujillo. PE
  • Zavaleta-Gutiérrez, Francisca; Division of Neonatology. Hospital Belén de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru. Pediatrician and Neonatologist. Trujillo. PE
  • Fernández-Dávila, Freddy Valdivia; Division of Endocrinology. Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen. Endocrinologist. Lima. PE
Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo ; 14(Supl. 1): 55-61, oct. 21, 2021.
Article in Spanish, English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1529106
Responsible library: PE386.9
RESUMEN

Introducción:

La obesidad en niños y adolescentes ha aumentado exponencialmente en todo el mundo. Asimismo, la pandemia del coronavirus (COVID-19) ha conducido a una mayor tasa de obesidad pediátrica. El exceso de tejido adiposo genera una desregulación de hormonas como adiponectina, ghrelina y leptina, entre otras. Las alteraciones metabólicas pueden ocasionar enfermedad cardiovascular, dislipidemias, hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus tipo 2, enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico, trastornos del sueño y mayor riesgo de COVID-19 severo. La obesidad tiene diferentes enfoques terapéuticos, como programas conductuales de pérdida de peso, tratamientos farmacológicos y procedimientos quirúrgicos. De esta manera, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento oportuno es importante para disminuir la mortalidad asociada a la obesidad en la población pediátrica.
ABSTRACT

Introduction:

Obesity in children and adolescents has increased exponentially worldwide. Likewise, the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has led to a higher rate of pediatric obesity. Excess adipose tissue leads to dysregulation of hormones such as adiponectin, ghrelin and leptin, among others. Metabolic alterations can lead to cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemias, arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, sleep disorders and increased risk of severe COVID-19. Obesity has different therapeutic approaches, such as behavioral weight loss programs, pharmacological treatments and surgical procedures. Thus, timely diagnosis and treatment is important to decrease obesity-associated mortality in the pediatric population.
Keywords

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: WHO COVID / LILACS (Americas) Type of study: Screening study Language: English / Spanish Journal: Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo Journal subject: Medicine Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Division of Endocrinology. Clínica Stella Maris/PE / Division of Endocrinology. Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen/PE / Division of Internal Medicine. Hospital Ricardo Cruzado Rivarola, Nasca, Peru/PE / Division of Neonatology. Hospital Belén de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru/PE / Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Clínica Vesalio/PE / Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru/PE / School of Medicine. Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru/PE

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: WHO COVID / LILACS (Americas) Type of study: Screening study Language: English / Spanish Journal: Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo Journal subject: Medicine Year: 2021 Document Type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Division of Endocrinology. Clínica Stella Maris/PE / Division of Endocrinology. Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen/PE / Division of Internal Medicine. Hospital Ricardo Cruzado Rivarola, Nasca, Peru/PE / Division of Neonatology. Hospital Belén de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru/PE / Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Clínica Vesalio/PE / Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru/PE / School of Medicine. Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru/PE