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Redox Switches in Noise-Induced Cardiovascular and Neuronal Dysregulation
Frontiers in molecular biosciences ; 8, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1564129
ABSTRACT
Environmental exposures represent a significant health hazard, which cumulatively may be responsible for up to 2/3 of all chronic non-communicable disease and associated mortality (Global Burden of Disease Study and The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health), which has given rise to a new concept of the exposome the sum of environmental factors in every individual’s experience. Noise is part of the exposome and is increasingly being investigated as a health risk factor impacting neurological, cardiometabolic, endocrine, and immune health. Beyond the well-characterized effects of high-intensity noise on cochlear damage, noise is relatively well-studied in the cardiovascular field, where evidence is emerging from both human and translational experiments that noise from traffic-related sources could represent a risk factor for hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, and atherosclerosis. In the present review, we comprehensively discuss the current state of knowledge in the field of noise research. We give a brief survey of the literature documenting experiments in noise exposure in both humans and animals with a focus on cardiovascular disease. We also discuss the mechanisms that have been uncovered in recent years that describe how exposure to noise affects physiological homeostasis, leading to aberrant redox signaling resulting in metabolic and immune consequences, both of which have considerable impact on cardiovascular health. Additionally, we discuss the molecular pathways of redox involvement in the stress responses to noise and how they manifest in disruptions of the circadian rhythm, inflammatory signaling, gut microbiome composition, epigenetic landscape and vessel function.
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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Frontiers in molecular biosciences Year: 2021 Document Type: Article

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Collection: Databases of international organizations Database: EuropePMC Type of study: Observational study / Prognostic study Language: English Journal: Frontiers in molecular biosciences Year: 2021 Document Type: Article