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Assessment of the difference in depressive symptoms of the Korean adult population before and during the COVID-19 pandemic using a community health survey.
Kim, So Young; Yoo, Dae Myoung; Min, Chanyang; Choi, Hyo Geun.
  • Kim SY; Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, South Korea.
  • Yoo DM; Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, South Korea.
  • Min C; Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, South Korea; Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.
  • Choi HG; Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, South Korea; Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, South Korea. Electronic address: pupen@naver.com.
J Affect Disord ; 300: 130-136, 2022 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1587420
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of depression during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to that during the prepandemic period.

METHODS:

Data from participants in the Korean Community Health Survey in 2019 and 2020 aged ≥ 19 years old were analyzed. In total, the data of 223,306 participants from the 2020 group were compared with the data of 217,133 participants from the 2019 group regarding the experience and severity of depression. The experience of depression was surveyed in terms of a history of sadness or despair for ≥2 weeks in the last year. In addition, the PHQ-9 scores were used, and participants with PHQ-9 scores ≥10 were recategorized as having moderate to severe depression. The odds for depression of the 2020 group compared to the 2019 group based on the survey and PHQ-9 scores were calculated using simple or multiple logistic regression with complex sampling with weighted values.

RESULTS:

The rate of depression experience was lower in the 2020 group than in the 2019 group. The odds of experiencing depression were lower in the 2020 group than in the 2019 group (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.95, 95% confidence intervals [95% CI] = 0.91-0.98, P = 0.004). The odds of moderate to severe depression were also lower in the 2020 group than in the 2019 group (aOR=0.92, 95% CI=0.88-0.97, P = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

The rate of depression experience was not higher during the COVID-19 pandemic than during the prepandemic period in Korea.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Humans / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: J Affect Disord Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.jad.2021.12.107

Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Main subject: COVID-19 Type of study: Diagnostic study / Observational study / Prevalence study / Randomized controlled trials / Risk factors Limits: Adult / Humans / Young adult Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Journal: J Affect Disord Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.jad.2021.12.107