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Protection from SARS-CoV-2 Delta one year after mRNA-1273 vaccination in rhesus macaques coincides with anamnestic antibody response in the lung.
Gagne, Matthew; Corbett, Kizzmekia S; Flynn, Barbara J; Foulds, Kathryn E; Wagner, Danielle A; Andrew, Shayne F; Todd, John-Paul M; Honeycutt, Christopher Cole; McCormick, Lauren; Nurmukhambetova, Saule T; Davis-Gardner, Meredith E; Pessaint, Laurent; Bock, Kevin W; Nagata, Bianca M; Minai, Mahnaz; Werner, Anne P; Moliva, Juan I; Tucker, Courtney; Lorang, Cynthia G; Zhao, Bingchun; McCarthy, Elizabeth; Cook, Anthony; Dodson, Alan; Teng, I-Ting; Mudvari, Prakriti; Roberts-Torres, Jesmine; Laboune, Farida; Wang, Lingshu; Goode, Adrienne; Kar, Swagata; Boyoglu-Barnum, Seyhan; Yang, Eun Sung; Shi, Wei; Ploquin, Aurélie; Doria-Rose, Nicole; Carfi, Andrea; Mascola, John R; Boritz, Eli A; Edwards, Darin K; Andersen, Hanne; Lewis, Mark G; Suthar, Mehul S; Graham, Barney S; Roederer, Mario; Moore, Ian N; Nason, Martha C; Sullivan, Nancy J; Douek, Daniel C; Seder, Robert A.
  • Gagne M; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Corbett KS; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Flynn BJ; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Foulds KE; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Wagner DA; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Andrew SF; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Todd JM; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Honeycutt CC; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • McCormick L; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Nurmukhambetova ST; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Davis-Gardner ME; Department of Pediatrics, Emory Vaccine Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
  • Pessaint L; Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  • Bock KW; Infectious Disease Pathogenesis Section, Comparative Medicine Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20892, USA.
  • Nagata BM; Infectious Disease Pathogenesis Section, Comparative Medicine Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20892, USA.
  • Minai M; Infectious Disease Pathogenesis Section, Comparative Medicine Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20892, USA.
  • Werner AP; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Moliva JI; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Tucker C; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Lorang CG; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Zhao B; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • McCarthy E; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Cook A; Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  • Dodson A; Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  • Teng IT; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Mudvari P; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Roberts-Torres J; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Laboune F; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Wang L; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Goode A; Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  • Kar S; Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  • Boyoglu-Barnum S; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Yang ES; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Shi W; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Ploquin A; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Doria-Rose N; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Carfi A; Moderna Inc., Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
  • Mascola JR; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Boritz EA; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Edwards DK; Moderna Inc., Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
  • Andersen H; Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  • Lewis MG; Bioqual, Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  • Suthar MS; Department of Pediatrics, Emory Vaccine Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
  • Graham BS; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Roederer M; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Moore IN; Infectious Disease Pathogenesis Section, Comparative Medicine Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20892, USA.
  • Nason MC; Biostatistics Research Branch, Division of Clinical Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Sullivan NJ; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  • Douek DC; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: ddouek@mail.nih.gov.
  • Seder RA; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: rseder@mail.nih.gov.
Cell ; 185(1): 113-130.e15, 2022 01 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1588150
ABSTRACT
mRNA-1273 vaccine efficacy against SARS-CoV-2 Delta wanes over time; however, there are limited data on the impact of durability of immune responses on protection. Here, we immunized rhesus macaques and assessed immune responses over 1 year in blood and upper and lower airways. Serum neutralizing titers to Delta were 280 and 34 reciprocal ID50 at weeks 6 (peak) and 48 (challenge), respectively. Antibody-binding titers also decreased in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Four days after Delta challenge, the virus was unculturable in BAL, and subgenomic RNA declined by ∼3-log10 compared with control animals. In nasal swabs, sgRNA was reduced by 1-log10, and the virus remained culturable. Anamnestic antibodies (590-fold increased titer) but not T cell responses were detected in BAL by day 4 post-challenge. mRNA-1273-mediated protection in the lungs is durable but delayed and potentially dependent on anamnestic antibody responses. Rapid and sustained protection in upper and lower airways may eventually require a boost.
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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Cell Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.cell.2021.12.002

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Full text: Available Collection: International databases Database: MEDLINE Topics: Vaccines Language: English Journal: Cell Year: 2022 Document Type: Article Affiliation country: J.cell.2021.12.002